Every 22 minutes a woman is raped in India, every 90 minutes a bride is burnt alive! out of every 10 women 7 have been sexually harassed, female foeticide status at a all time best ,945 females per 1000 males and honor killings reported at least a 1000 every year. and the icing on the cake, India is on the number 4 Th position in the list for most dangerous countries for women giving tough competition to Afghanistan and Congo. WOW!!! Not convinced watch this- NIRBHAYA
Many of us must have come across these famous lines,”water water everywhere,not a drop to drink” Yes that’s the state of rapes in India, every where whether you are rich or poor doesn’t matter ,whether you are young or old doesn’t matter, maybe the policies of government for population control or illiteracy eradication may not have access to the cross section of people in the country but the objectification of woman is a common theme for all. Right from the daily wage labor class to the factory workers to employees of MN C’s ,the first thing men notice about an individual is her gender and then the vicious circle of teasing ,harassment and rape starts.In India being a woman is a curse! You think I am overreacting then please watch this.
Mostly they will kill you in the womb itself or if you are successful in taking birth,then you had it.Right from the discrimination at home where you will be competing for food ,clothing and education with your brothers or fathers or uncles,to the widespread unreported sexual abuse by the same men folk, you would also be taught by the women folk what you are not suppose to do since you are a female, yes you got it right a list of d o’s and dont’s is handed to every little girl in India and yes her ears are pierced even before she starts speaking because she is a girl and it is her duty to become beautiful even when she is still running around in her diapers!
Reclaiming Chai ,getting over Straps and other Rants is a collection of twenty six feminist write ups ranging from topics like Rape,Dowry ,Female Foeticide,Honour Killing,Domestic Violence to the rampant Patriarchy which plagues the life of the Indian women on a daily basis. Also topics like beauty ,feminism ,periods,human trafficking have been included. Some write ups are on the on going issues of Indian women fighting for the permanent commission in the Army , the wins of female sport persons,Nirbhaya etc and the new era of empowerment of the Indian women who are breaking stereotypes.
The write ups have been
written with the sole purpose of providing an insight in the struggles of being
an Indian woman and the new age Indian Feminist.
This book is pretty experimental in nature as it has been a journey from a blog to a book ,so I hope my readers will enjoy it as much as I have enjoyed writing it.The write ups date from 2014 to 2018 and have been previously published on the blog –Indian women revolution movement.word press.com .
Please buy the book and support us.All the proceeds will go to AGNIDIKSHA Foundation which works for women empowerment in Bihar,India.
Continuing the series of blogs by IWRM on Indian women who have smashed stereotypes and have entered male bastions, here is the twelfth piece on Indian Women Boxers.
The ascent of Indian women to the topmost echelons
of world sports as potent threats to the old elite—stealing a medal here,
causing an upset there, the occasional world record—is powered as much by
boxing as any other sport .
Chungneijang Mary Kom
Hmangte (born 1 March 1983), better known as Mary Kom is an IndianOlympic boxer from Manipur. She is the
only woman to become World Amateur Boxing champion for a
record six times, and the only woman boxer to have won a medal in each one of
the seven world championships. Nicknamed Magnificent Mary, she is the
only Indian woman boxer to have qualified for the 2012
Summer Olympics, competing in the flyweight
(51 kg) category and winning the bronze medal. She has also been ranked as
No. 1 AIBA World Women’s Ranking Light Flyweight category.
She became the first Indian woman boxer to get a Gold Medal in the Asian Games
in 2014 in Incheon, South Korea and is the first Indian Woman Boxer to win Gold
at the 2018
Commonwealth Games. On 26 April 2016, Kom was
nominated by the President
of India as a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament. In March 2017, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of
India, appointed Mary Kom along with Akhil Kumar as national
observers for boxing. Mary Kom won the Gold Medal In Asian Boxing Championship.
She defeated Kim Hyang-mi of North
Korea in the title match. After her sixth world title, the Government of
Manipur has conferred on her the title “Meethoi Leima” in a felicitation
ceremony held at Khuman Lampak Sports Complex in Imphal on 11th December, 2018.
At the function, CM N. Biren Singh also declared that the stretch of road leading to the Games Village in
Imphal West district, where Kom currently resides, would be named as ‘MC Mary
Kom was born
in Kangathei village, Moirang Lamkhai in Churachandpur district of rural Manipur in
Northeastern India. She came from a poor family. Her parents, Mangte Tonpa Kom
and Mangte Akham Kom were tenant farmers who worked in jhum fields. They named her Chungneijang. Kom grew up
in humble surroundings, helping her parents with farm related chores, going to
school and learning athletics initially and later boxing simultaneously. Kom’s
father was a keen wrestler in his younger days. She was the eldest of three
children – she has a younger sister and brother. Kom studied at the Loktak
Christian Model High School at Moirang up to her
sixth standard and thereafter attended St. Xavier Catholic School, Moirang, up
to class VIII. During this time, she took a good amount of interest in
athletics, especially javelin and 400 metres running. It was at this juncture, Dingko Singh, a fellow
Manipuri returned from the 1998 Bangkok Asian games with a gold medal. Kom recollects that this had inspired many
youngsters in Manipur to try boxing, and she too thought of giving it a try After
standard VIII, Kom moved to Adimjati High School, Imphal, for her
schooling for class IX and X, but was unable to pass the matriculation exam.
Not wishing to reappear for them, she quit her school and gave her examination
from NIOS, Imphal and graduation from Churachandpur College. In school, Kom
participated in all types of sports including volleyball, football and
athletics. It was the success of Dingko Singh that
inspired her to switch from athletics to boxing in 2000. She started her
training under her first coach K. Kosana Meitei in Imphal. When she was 15, she
took the decision to leave her hometown to study at the Sports academy in the
state capital Imphal Thereafter she trained under the Manipur State Boxing
Coach M. Narjit Singh, at Khuman Lampak, Imphal. Kom kept her interest in
boxing a secret from her father, himself an ex-wrestler, as he was concerned
that boxing would hurt Kom’s face and spoil her chances of marriage. However,
he learnt of it when Kom’s photo appeared in a newspaper after she won the
state boxing championship in 2000. After three years, her father began to
support Kom’s pursuits in boxing as he grew convinced of her love of boxing. After
her marriage, Mary Kom took a short hiatus from boxing. After she and Ongler
had their first two children, Kom again started training. She won a silver
medal at the 2008 Asian Women’s Boxing Championship in Indiaand a fourth
successive gold medal at the AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championship in China, followed by a gold medal at the 2009 Asian Indoor Games in Vietnam.
In 2010, Kom won the gold medal at the Asian Women’s Boxing Championship in
Kazakhstan, and at the AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championship in Barbados, her fifth consecutive gold at the championship. She
competed in Barbados in the 48 kg weight category, after AIBA had stopped
using the 46 kg class. In the 2010 Asian Games, she
competed in the 51 kg class and won a bronze medal. In 2011, she won gold
in the 48 kg class at the Asian Women’s Cup in China. On 3 October 2010,
she, along with Sanjay and Harshit
Jain, had the honour of bearing the Queen’s Baton in its opening ceremony run in the
stadium for the 2010
Commonwealth Games of Delhi. She did not compete,
however, as women’s boxing was not included in the Commonwealth Games. On 1
October 2014, she won her first Gold Medal at the Asian Games held at Incheon, South Korea by beating Kazakhstan’s Zhaina
Shekerbekova in the flyweight (51 kg) summit clash. On 8 November 2017,
she clinched an unprecedented fifth gold medal (48 kg) at the ASBC Asian
Confederation women’s boxing championships held at Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam. The only
major international event, that she had not seen a medal before was in Commonwealth
Games, as her category Light
flyweight was never included in the games till 2018 Commonwealth Games where as
expected she earned the gold medal gracefully in the Women’s light flyweight 48 kg on 14 April 2018. On 24 November 2018, she created history by becoming
the first woman to win 6 World Championships, achieving this feat at the 10th AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championships held in New Delhi, India. Kom, who had previously fought
in the 46 and 48 kg categories, shifted to the 51 kg category after
the world body decided to allow women’s boxing in only three weight categories
eliminating the lower weight classes. At the 2012 AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championship, Kom was competing not just for the championship itself but also for a
place at the 2012
Summer Olympics in London, the first time women’s
boxing had featured as an Olympic sport. She was defeated in the 51 kg
semi-finals by Nicola Adams of the UK,
but did succeed in getting a bronze medal. She was the only Indian woman to
qualify for boxing event, with Laishram
Sarita Devi narrowly missing a place in the 60 kg class. Kom
was accompanied to London by her mother. Kom’s coach Charles Atkinson could not
join her at the Olympic Village as he didn’t possess an International Boxing
Association (AIBA) 3 Star Certification, which is mandatory for accreditation.
She had all her luggage and passport stolen on the way to the selection camp in
Bangkok, Thailand for her first Asian Women’s Boxing Championships. The first
Olympic round was held on 5 August 2012, with Kom defeating Karolina
Michalczuk of Poland 19-14 in the third women’s boxing match
ever to be fought at the Olympics. In the quarter-final, the following day, she
defeated Maroua Rahali of Tunisia with a
score of 15-6She faced Nicola Adams of UK in
the semi-final on 8 August 2012 and lost the bout 6 points to 11. However, she
stood third in the competition and garnered an Olympic bronze medal. In
recognition, the Manipur Government awarded her Rs 50 lakhs and two acres of
land in a cabinet meeting held on 9 August 2012. Though keen on representing
India at the 2016 Rio Olympics, Kom was not able to qualify for the event. She continues to pursue the
sport and train for the same, and is preparing for the 2020 Tokyo
Mary Kom set a new standard in amateur boxing
without ever competing in professional boxing. In 2015, Kom became the first
amateur to surpass several professional athletes in India in earnings,
endorsements and awards. She is the first amateur athlete to win the Padma
She is an expert at skills that are poles apart–drawing and boxing. Had she not excelled as a boxer, Simranjit would have probably made a name as an artist. She has been fond of coloured pencils since childhood, and now uses black pencils for most of her sketches, some of which are stored in her mobile phone; the rest are at her home in Chakar village in Ludhiana. But once Simranjit puts on her boxing gloves and steps into the ring, she is completely transformed. The delicately honed fingers that skilfully ply pencils are knotted in fists that bring mayhem. The opponents she sends spinning to the canvas or reeling on to the ropes would testify to that. The 5.54 ft-tall boxer’s dexterity was in view on her way to the semi-finals of the World Championships.Her tactic of ‘long distance’—in other words, she keeps her opponents at an arm’s length, before dealing a decisive knockout blow—is coupled with a ‘timing punch’. Her extended left hand is used to confuse the opponent, while the right hand lands a telling counterpunch to score points. “Her coordination, especially inside the ring, is very good, and so is her punching skill,” Boxing, too, came naturally to Simranjit—her eldest sister Amandeep was a boxer. Her two brothers have also been boxers. She initially trained at Sher-e-Punjab Sports Academy in Chakar after Balwant Singh Sandhu spotted her talent at school and took her under his wings. Simranjit was on her way.Simranjit’s dream is to compete at the 2020 Olympics. But since the 64kg category is not part of Olympic programme, she plans to change her category to 60kg. She follows legendary American boxer Roy Jones and particularly likes his flow and movement in the ring.
The Adarsh Senior Secondary School in village Bound
Kalan in Haryana’s Dadri district has made a significant contribution to Indian
boxing. It counts world-class pugilists among its alumni, and Sonia Chahal is
the latest torch-bearer. The cherubic, lanky boxer, with a boy crop hairstyle,
is adept at hiding her intensity in the ring. Just look at her match against
2014 world champion, Bulgarian Petrova Stanimira, whom she pummelled into
submission at the pre-quarters before entering the semi-finals.As a youngster,
Sonia witnessed felicitations for boxers from Adarsh School—Kavita Chahal,
bronze medallist at World Championships in 2010 and 2012, Neetu Chahal,
multiple national champion, and Poonam Chahal, a World Junior
Championship bronze medallist and five-time national champion. Boxing was the
only thing she wanted to do.“I loved sports. My physical education teacher told
me that boxing was my best bet. Those captivating welcome functions were a
motivation. One day, I simply went and knocked at Kavita didi’s house. I didn’t
know her. Her parents took me to the Bhiwani Boxing Club,. “My father is a
farmer and mother a housewife. I’m the first sportsperson from my family. Neetu
didi supported and helped me a lot,” Apart from her upset win over Stanimira,
Sonia reckons her biggest win was the one over Pwilao Basumatary, the 2011
World Youth Championships bronze winner, last year. She also won the bronze
medal at Ahmet Comert Women’s Tournament in Istanbul this year.The World
Championships is the first major competition for Sonia, but the 5.57 ft-tall,
wiry boxer has left an impression with her resilience. A BA final student of
Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Sonia is on her way to fulfil her potential.
For a long time, Manisha’s father, a tractor
mechanic, was oblivious to the fcat that his daughter was a budding
sportsperson. Manisha had taken into confidence her indulgent mother. “Father
would leave the house early, carrying his lunch with him. He would return only
in the evening. In between, I would play volleyball, which I left for boxing
in 2010,” Much later, she says with a smile, someone told him about her early
exploits in the boxing ring. “When he came to know about it, he beat me up more
than once. But I kept at it.” That, anyway, couldn’t have been hidden for long,
as she had to walk down the five kilometres to RKSD Post Graduate College in
Kaithal, Haryana, and back every day.“My initiation into sports began when my
neighbours, who were volleyball players, asked my mother to let me play. But
since there was no volleyball coach at college, I switched to boxing. I was the
lone female boxer there,”. Playing sports also meant giving up on favourite
childhood activities—playing marbles on the streets and fighting with boys.
With her father away on work, her mother was the rock in her life. “Even today,
father might not know which class I am in,” says the BA final year student with
a hearty chuckle.Within three years of taking to boxing in 2010, Manisha
started making a big impression. Her title triumphs include 2013 Haryana
Junior Championships (46kg), 2015 Haryana Youth Championships (51kg), and
2017 Indian National Championships (57kg). She then switched to 54kg but lost
in this year’s National Championships final. Manisha made up for that loss with
her win at the Indian Open International Tournament (54kg), and finished second
at Silesian Women’s Open Tournament in Gliwice, Poland.Manisha uses the ‘long
distance strategy’ to good effect, focussing on timing her punches to
perfection. She has a strong hook, particularly the one delivered with her
right hand. She is now working to improve her strength. Her nimble footwork in
the ring is partly due to her love for dance—she is a fan of Sapna Chaudhary,
Haryana’s famous dancer. Manisha has trained her sight at the 2020 Olympics and
plans to switch back to 57kg soon.
She is entranced by the legendary Muhammad Ali’s footwork, particularly that famous shuffle—so much so that she tries to copy the late triple world heavyweight boxer’s movements in the ring. For all her current expertise in boxing, in school Lovlina practised muay thai—or kick-boxing—that is also fought inside a ring. But when she was 14, a Sports Authority of India boxing coach visited Barpathar Girls’ School in Golaghat, Assam, and identified her as a potential champion. With her parents supporting her, Lovlina switched to boxing. “I was in Class IX when the SAI coach picked me. But I continued to practise kick-boxing, and started boxing in 2012. Earlier, I was in the 75kg class, but later switched to 69kg,”. Like other self-respecting boxers, she dreams about qualifying for the 2020 Olympic Games.Lovlina took a big stride when she beat Panama’s Atheyna Bylon, who has won four American titles this year, with a unanimous verdict at the pre-quarters of the World Championships in New Delhi. The boxer from Golaghat is supremely fit, with good motor ability, which encompasses endurance, strength, coordination, tactics, and technique. Standing at 5.8 ft, she has a distinct height advantage too. “My idol is Muhammad Ali. I like his footwork a lot and, of course, his shuffle. I try to copy his footwork and a little bit of his shuffle,”.This year has proved to be a fecund one. Lovlina won the 69kg gold at the Indian Open Tournament, finished second in two events, and third in another one. But she picks her semi-final win over against Mongolian Erdenetuya Enkhbaatar in Ulan Bator as the most memorable. “That was one of the most satisfying wins of my career,”. Now, she has one goal. “More than me, my father wants me to box at the Olympics,”.
She was(born June 14, 1972) is a women’s boxing champion. She was born in Pune, India, country where she has helped raise the sport’s
popularity. Caples lives in Las Vegas, where she
trains under the tutelage of former men’s world Heavyweight title challenger Leroy Caldwell. Caples became a professional
boxer in 1999. Before fighting for the world championship, she had to meet the
likes of Kim Messer, Elena Reid and former world champion Para Draine before
meeting Regina Halmich in Germany for the WIBF world Jr. Flyweight title, on August 17, 2002. She
lost the fight by a majority decision. Three months later, on November 22, she
found herself inside a boxing ring in Guam, where she fought Anissa Zamarron for the
vacant WIBA Light Flyweight Intercontinental championship, and
Caples was defeated by 5th round technical
knockout, stopped on a cut in a fight in Caples was winning
on all scorecards. Caples finally reached her dream of becoming a world
champion when she defeated Mary Duron on July 26, 2003 in Costa
Mesa, California by a ten round unanimous
decision for the vacant IFBA world Jr. Flyweight title. Caples then travelled
to Trinidad to
challenge Ria Ramnarine for the vacant WIBA Mini Flyweight World Title. Caples lost a
controversial 10-round split decision. Caples, who was a multi-sports star in
India before becoming interested in boxing in 1993, holds a record of 7 wins,
12 losses, and 2 draws (tie), with 1 win by knockout.
She was (Born 28
April 1990) is a flyweight Indianboxer from Hisar, Haryana. She won
bronze medal in the 2014
Commonwealth Games. She won gold medal at the
President’s Cup International Boxing in Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia, in
2015. She won gold medals at the 2011
National Games of India and the
2012 and 2014 National championships in the flyweight (51kgs) division. She was
the only Indian pugilist who bagged the gold medal at the Arafura Games. She signed up with Sporty Boxing Private Limited, which is referred to
as the commercial arm of the Indian Boxing Council (IBC), the licensing body
for professional boxers in India. Pinki is known as Giant Killer due to
her achievements in domestic competitions. She has defeated London
Olympic Games Bronze Medalist & 6 Times World Champion Mary Kom in National
Boxing Championship 2009 and CWG 2014 qualification trial, as well as 5 Times Asian Champion & World
Sarita Devi in National Games and National Boxing Championship
2011. Pinki represented India in Boxing at the 2018 Commonwealth Games in 51kgs weight category. However, she lost to England’s Lisa Whiteside in her quarterfinal bout
She’s the daughter of a homemaker Prem Devi
and a Government official Krishan Kumar. She studied till 12th grade and
reminisces her hobbies as dancing, playing and boxing. She was initially coached
by Raj Singh and later switched to Anoop Kumar
Devi (born 1 March 1993) is an Indian woman boxer from Manipur
and represented India at the 2016 Rio Olympics. After being awarded as the Best
Boxer at Youth World Women Boxing Championship
organised at Turkey,
the Olympic Gold Quest (OGQ) announced support for
Sarjubala Devi in 2012. She is referred to as the next Mary Kom.
She used to be part of the 48 kg category but recently changed it to 51 kg
category. After the change she claimed a Gold Medal at the National Women’s
Boxing Championship 2018 (Fly category). She also won the Best Boxer award at
the 7th Youth Women National Championship in Patiala and in the 14th Senior
Women Boxing Competition. Sarjubala Devi was born in a farmer’s family to Sh
Rajen Singh and Thoibi Devi. Being inspired by the stories of Mary Kom‘s
success, she joined boxing school in 2005. Two years later, she joined the Sports Authority of India training centre
in her city, ImphalIndia.
Before winning Silver at the Junior Nationals she won the Sub-Junior Women
National Championships both in years 2006 and 2008.
She won the World Youth Championship in 2011 and later went on to win the
Senior National Championship the same year. She has also participated in the
11th Senior Women National Boxing Championship in 2011. She unfortunately did
not make it past the quarterfinals stage at the 2016 Rio
Olympics. She also represented India at the Asian Games
2018 but was knocked out during the quarterfinals
against China’s Chang Yuan.
Nikhat Zareen (born 14
June 1996) is an Indian boxer from Nizamabad, Telangana. In 2018,
she won Gold medal at the 56th Belgrade International Boxing Tournament in Serbia.
Nikhat was born in Nizamabad, Telangana, India. She completed her primary education from the
Nirmala Hrudaya Girls High School in Nizamabad. She is pursuing a degree in Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) at AV College in Hyderabad, Telangana.
Her father, Mohammad Jameel Ahmed, introduced her to boxing, after being
questioned as to why women weren’t participating in the Urban Games in 2002.
This motivated her to take up the gloves. Her father, who captained his
district team in cricket and participated actively in athletics and football. Her
father encouraged her to pursue athletics and she trained under her father for
a year. Nikhat was inducted into the Sports
Authority of India in Vishakhapatnam to train under
Dronacharya awardee, IV
Rao in 2009. A year later she was being declared as the ‘golden best boxer’ at
the Erode Nationals in 2010.
Kavita Goyat (born 15
August 1988) is a female boxer from India. She competes in 69–75 kg weight
category. Kavita won the bronze medal at the 2010 Asian
Games held in Guangzhou, China. She lost 1:3 to Jinzi Li of China in the semi finals of the Asian Games in
Kavita Goyat’s present coach is
Anoop Kumar. She was earlier being coached by Raj Singh. During her 6th Nations
Cup in the Serbian city in 2017, Kavita Goyat got injured during the
semi-finals, due to which she had to settle for the third place. Kavita has
previously won gold medal at Hanoi Asian Indoor Games, 2009 in 64 kg
category along with Mary Kom. Along with
this she has won several national titles. Kavita Goyat has won numerous gold,
silver, and bronze medals at various championships. She was born in Haryana, to
Om Prakash and Smitra Devi. Her hobbies include playing games and studying.
Kavita Chahal (born 8 April 1985) is a 5′ 9″ tall heavyweight
Indian female boxer and recipient of the highest world ranking 2 from 2012 to
2014 (AIBA Ranking – 11 in 2016[) from the
village Nimri which resides in the Bhiwani district, Haryana. In recognition of her
achievements, the Government
of India presented Chahal with the Arjuna Award in 2013.
Chahal is the first female boxer from Haryana to be presented with the Arjuna
Award. Chahal is a twice-consecutive World Championship medallist, 2 Time Gold
medalist in World
Police Games 2017 Los Angeles And 2013 in
Northern Ireland . 4-Time Asian championship, Asian cup medallist. With 8 gold medals,
she is a record holder in women’s national championship boxing. She is a 5-time
gold medallist in the Federation Cup, and 6-times Gold medalist in all india
police games 2012 to 2017. Chahal 3-time gold medallist in the Inter-zonal
Super Cup championship.
born to Sh. Bhup Singh and Ramesh Devi on 8 April 1985 at Nimri in the Bhiwani district of
Haryana (India). Her
initial training at boxing was handled by her father Bhup Singh, also a boxer.
Once she had progressed, she then went on to train at the Bhiwani
Boxing Club under the coach Jagdish
Singh, who also handles the training of the Indian Ace
Male Pugilist. After winning medals and accolades for her state, and India, she
went on to also become the first female boxer of Haryana state to be
presented with the Arjun Award in 2013.
Laishram Sarita Devi (born 1 March 1982) is an Indian boxer from Manipur. She is a
national champion and a former world champion in the lightweight class. In
2009, she was awarded Arjuna award by the
government of India for her achievements.
Sarita Devi was born in Thoubal
Khunou Thoubal into an agricultural family as the sixth of eight siblings. She
used to spend her time helping her parents in collecting firewood and in the
fields, which helped her build the stamina she has today. Sarita completed her
high school in Waithou Mapal High School till the eighth standard and then went
to Bal Baidya Mandir, Thoubal to complete her matriculation. She then went to
an open-school to complete her twelfth standard to cope with the busy boxing
schedule. Devi turned professional in boxing in 2000, inspired by the
achievements of Muhammad Ali. The
following year, she represented India at the Asian Boxing Championships in Bangkok, and won a
silver medal in her weight class. Following this victory, she won medals in
various tournaments, including a gold at the 2006 World Championships in New Delhi. In 2005,
she was offered the post of Sub-Inspector (SI) by the police department of Manipur, for wining
a bronze medal in the 3rd
World Women Boxing Championship, Russia and was
promoted to the rank of DSP in February, 2010. She also won the silver medal at
Commonwealth Games in Glasgow. She failed
to qualify for 2016 Rio
Olympics, after losing to Victoria Torres, with a score of
0-3. In 2018, she won Silver Medal at Indian Open International Championships, New Delhi and bagged
a Gold Medal at Sr. National Boxing Championships, Rohtak. She also
won in Women’s World Boxing Championship with a split 4-0 verdict against
Sandra Diana. Devi entered the 2014 Asian Games in Incheon, South Korea, competing
in the lightweight category.
With a win margin of 3–0 both in the Round of 16 and Quarterfinals, she entered
the semifinals to face South Korea‘s Park
Ji-Na on 30 September. After the match, she was handed a 0–3 defeat verdict by
the judges of the match, which turned out to be hugely controversial,
considering that Devi had knocked Park out in the third round and also a
convincing fourth round, before having rained heavy blows on Park throughout
the first two rounds. Following this, the Indian team lodged a protest against
the decision, which was rejected by the AIBA‘s technical committee. At the medal awarding
ceremony, Devi refused to accept her bronze medal and handed it over to the
silver medallist, Park. However, she accepted the medal later. This was
followed by provisional suspension of her coaches by the AIBA. She was handed a
one-year ban by the AIBA.
Continuing the series of blogs by IWRM on Indian women who have smashed stereotypes and have entered male bastions, here is the Eleventh piece on Indian Women Astronauts.
Kalpana Chawla was an American astronaut and the first woman of Indian origin to go to space. She first flew on Space Shuttle Columbia in 1997 as a mission specialist and primary robotic arm operator. In 2003,she was one of the seven crew members who died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster when the craft disintegrated during its re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere. she was posthumously awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor and several streets, universities and institutions have been named in her honor.She was born on 17 March 1962 in Karnal, India, but her official date of birth was altered to 1 July 1961 to allow her to become eligible for the matriculation exam. As a child, Kalpana liked to draw pictures of airplanes. After getting a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Punjab Engineering College, she moved to the United States in 1982 and obtained a Master of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Texas at Arlington in 1984Chawla went on to earn a second Masters in 1986 and a PhD in aerospace engineering in 1988 from the University of Colorado Boulder. In 1988, she began working at NASA, where she did computational fluid dynamics (CFD) research on vertical and/or short take-off and landing (V/STOL) concepts. In 1993, she joined Overset Methods, Inc. as Vice President and Research Scientist specializing in simulation of moving multiple body problemsChawla held a Certificated Flight Instructor rating for airplanes, gliders and Commercial Pilot licenses for single and multi-engine airplanes, seaplanes and gliders. After becoming a naturalized U.S. citizen in April 1991, she applied for the NASA Astronaut Corps. She joined the corps in March 1995 and was selected for her first flight in 1996. Her first space mission began on May 2, 1997, as part of the six-astronaut crew that flew the Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87. She was the first Indian woman to fly in space. She spoke the following words while traveling in the weightlessness of space, On her first mission, she traveled over 10.4 million miles (16737177.6 km) in 252 orbits of the earth, logging more than 372 hours (15 Days and 12 Hours) in space. During STS-87, she was responsible for deploying the Spartan satellite which malfunctioned, necessitating a spacewalk by Winston Scott and Takao Doi to capture the satellite. A five-month NASA investigation fully exonerated her by identifying errors in software interfaces and the defined procedures of flight crew and ground control. After the completion of STS-87 post-flight activities, shewas assigned to technical positions in the astronaut office to work on the space station. In 2000, she was selected for her second flight as part of the crew of STS-107. This mission was repeatedly delayed due to scheduling conflicts and technical problems such as the July 2002 discovery of cracks in the shuttle engine flow liners. On January 16, 2003, she finally returned to space aboard Space Shuttle Columbia on the ill-fated STS-107 mission. The crew performed nearly 80 experiments studying earth and space science, advanced technology development, and astronaut health and safety. During the launch of STS-107, Columbia‘s 28th mission, a piece of foam insulation broke off from the Space Shuttle external tank and struck the left wing of the orbiter. Previous shuttle launches had seen minor damage from foam shedding, but some engineers suspected that the damage to Columbia was more serious. NASA managers limited the investigation, reasoning that the crew could not have fixed the problem if it had been confirmed. When Columbia re-entered the atmosphere of Earth, the damage allowed hot atmospheric gases to penetrate and destroy the internal wing structure, which caused the spacecraft to become unstable and break apart. After the disaster, Space Shuttle flight operations were suspended for more than two years, similar to the aftermath of the Challenger disaster. Construction of the International Space Station (ISS) was put on hold; the station relied entirely on the Russian Roscosmos State Corporation for resupply for 29 months until Shuttle flights resumed with STS-114 and 41 months for crew rotation. She died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster which occurred on February 1, 2003, she was killed, along with the other six crew members, when the Columbia disintegrated over Texas during re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere, shortly before it was scheduled to conclude its 28th mission, STS-107. With her two missions in space, Chawla had logged a total of “30 days, 14 hours, and 54 minutes in space”. Her remains were identified along with the rest of the crew members and were cremated and scattered at National Park in Utah in accordance with her wishes.
On February 5, 2003, the Prime Minister of India announced that the meteorological series of satellites, MetSat, was to be renamed “Kalpana”. The first satellite of the series, “MetSat-1”, launched by India on September 12, 2002 was renamed “Kalpana-1“.
The Kalpana Chawla Award was instituted by the Government of Karnataka in 2004 to recognize young women scientists.
NASA has dedicated a supercomputer to Chawla.
One of Florida Institute of Technology‘s student apartment complexes, Columbia Village Suites, has halls named after each of the astronauts, including Chawla.
The NASA Mars Exploration Rover mission has named seven peaks in a chain of hills, named the Columbia Hills, after each of the seven astronauts lost in the Columbia shuttle disaster. One of them is Chawla Hill, named after Chawla.
Steve Morse from the band Deep Purple created the song “Contact Lost” in memory of the Columbia tragedy along with her interest in the band. The song can be found on the album Bananas.
The girls’ hostel at Punjab Engineering College is named after Chawla. In addition, an award of INR twenty-five thousand, a medal, and a certificate is instituted for the best student in the Aeronautical Engineering department.
Kalpana Chawla Chowk is a name given/dedicated to a crossroad in Borivli, Mumbai in memory of the astronaut.
The Kalpana One Space Settlement is named in her honor.
Sunita Pandya Lyn Williams (born September 19, 1965) is an American astronaut and United States Navy officer of Indo–Slovenian descent. She formerly held the records for total spacewalks by a woman (seven) and most spacewalk time for a woman (50 hours, 40 minutes). Williams was assigned to the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 14 and Expedition 15. In 2012, she served as a flight engineer on Expedition 32 and then commander of Expedition 33.She was born in Euclid, Ohio, to Indian AmericanneuroanatomistDeepak Pandya and Slovene American Ursuline Bonnie (Zalokar) Pandya, who reside in Falmouth, Massachusetts. She is the youngest of three children. Her brother Jay Thomas is four years older and her sister Dina Annadj is three years older. Williams’ paternal family is from Jhulasan, Mehsana district in Gujarat, India, while her maternal great-grandmother Mary Bohinc (originally Marija Bohinjec), born in Leše, Slovenia, immigrated to America as an eleven-year-old with her mother, 1891 Slovene emigrant Ursula (Strajhar) Bohinac.She graduated from Needham High School in Needham, Massachusetts, in 1983. She received a Bachelor of Science degree in physical science from the United States Naval Academy in 1987, and a Master of Science degree in Engineering Management from Florida Institute of Technology in 1995. She was commissioned an ensign in the United States Navy in May 1987. After a six-month temporary assignment at the Naval Coastal System Command, she was designated a Basic Diving Officer. She next reported to the Naval Air Training Command, where she was designated a Naval Aviator in July 1989. She received initial H-46 Sea Knight training in Helicopter Combat Support Squadron 3 (HC-3), and was then assigned to Helicopter Combat Support Squadron 8 (HC-8) in Norfolk, Virginia, with which she made overseas deployments to the Mediterranean, Red Sea and the Persian Gulf for Operation Desert Shield and Operation Provide Comfort. In September 1992, she was the Officer-in-Charge of an H-46 detachment sent to Miami, Florida, for Hurricane Andrew relief operations aboard USS Sylvania. In January 1993,she began training at the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School. She graduated in December, and was assigned to the Rotary Wing Aircraft Test Directorate as an H-46 Project Officer and V-22 chase pilot in the T-2. Later, she was assigned as the squadron Safety Officer and flew test flights in the SH-60B/F, UH-1, AH-1W, SH-2, VH-3, H-46, CH-53, and the H-57. In December 1995, she went back to the Naval Test Pilot School as an instructor in the Rotary Wing Department and as the school’s Safety Officer. There she flew the UH-60, OH-6, and the OH-58. She was then assigned to USS Saipan as the Aircraft Handler and the Assistant Air Boss.She was deployed on Saipan in June 1998 when she was selected by NASA for the astronaut program. She has logged more than 3,000 flight hours in more than 30 aircraft types.She was launched to the International Space Station (ISS) with STS-116, aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery, on December 9, 2006, to join the Expedition 14 crew. In April 2007, the Russian members of the crew rotated, changing to Expedition . She became the first person to run a marathon from the space station on April 16, 2007After launching aboard the Shuttle Discovery, she arranged to donate her pony tail to Locks of Love. Fellow astronaut Joan Higginbotham cut her hair aboard the International Space Station and the ponytail was brought back to Earth by the STS-116 crew. She performed her first extra-vehicular activity on the eighth day of the STS-116 mission. On January 31, February 4, and February 9, 2007, she completed three spacewalks from the ISS with Michael López-Alegría. During one of these walks, a camera became untethered, probably because the attaching device failed, and floated off to space before Williams could react. On the third spacewalk, she was outside the station for 6 hours and 40 minutes to complete three spacewalks in nine days. She has logged 29 hours and 17 minutes in four spacewalks, eclipsing the record held by Kathryn C. Thornton for most spacewalk time by a woman. On December 18, 2007, during the fourth spacewalk of Expedition 16, Peggy Whitson surpassed Williams, with a cumulative EVA time of 32 hours, 36 minutes. In early March 2007, she received a tube of wasabi in a Progress spacecraft resupply mission in response to her request for more spicy food. When she opened the tube, which was packaged at one atmospheric pressure, the gel-like paste was forced out in the lower pressure of the ISS. In the free-fall environment, the spicy geyser was difficult to contain. On April 26, 2007, NASA decided to bring her back to Earth on the STS-117 mission aboard Atlantis. She did not break the U.S. single spaceflight record that was recently broken by former crew member Commander Michael López-Alegría, but did break the record for longest single spaceflight by a woman. She served as a mission specialist and returned to Earth on June 22, 2007, at the end of the STS-117 mission. Poor weather at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral forced mission managers to skip three landing attempts there over previous 24 hours. They then diverted Atlantis to Edwards Air Force Base in California, where the shuttle touched down at 3:49 p.m. EDT, returning her home after a record 192-day stay in space.On April 16, 2007, she ran the first marathon by any person in space. Williams was listed as an entrant for the 2007 Boston Marathon, and completed the distance in four hours and 24 minutes. The other crew members cheered her on and gave her oranges during the race. Williams’ sister, Dina Pandya, and fellow astronaut Karen L. Nyberg ran the marathon on Earth, and Williams received updates on their progress from Mission Control. In 2008, she participated in the Boston Marathon again, this time on Earth. Williams launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on July 15, 2012, as part of Expedition 32/33. Her Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-05M docked with the ISS for a four-month stay at the orbiting outpost on July 17, 2012. The docking of the Soyuz occurred at 4:51 GMT as the ISS flew over Kazakhstan at an altitude of 252 miles. The hatchway between the Soyuz spacecraft and the ISS was opened at 7:23 GMT and she floated into the ISS to begin her duties as a member of the Expedition 32 crew. She was accompanied on the Soyuz TMA-05M spacecraft by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) astronaut Aki Hoshide and Russian cosmonautYuri Malenchenko. She served as commander of the ISS during her stay onboard ISS Expedition 33, succeeding Gennady Padalka. She became the commander of the International Space Station on September 17, 2012, being only the second woman to achieve the feat. Also in September 2012, she became the first person to do a triathlon in space, which coincided with the Nautica Malibu Triathlon held in Southern California. She used the International Space Station‘s own treadmill and stationary bike, and for the swimming portion of the race, she used the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) to do weightlifting and resistance exercises that approximate swimming in microgravity. After ‘swimming’ half a mile (0.8 km), ‘biking’ 18 miles (29 km), and ‘running’ 4 miles (6.4 km), shefinished with a time of one hour, 48 minutes and 33 seconds, as she reported. She returned to earth with fellow astronauts Flight Engineers Yuri Malenchenko and Aki Hoshide on November 19, 2012, touching down in the town of Arkalyk, Kazakhstan. Helicopters joined the search-and-recovery crew to assist them, as their capsule parachuted down some 35 kilometres (22 mi) from the planned touchdown site due to a procedural delay. As of August 2012, she has made seven spacewalks totaling 50 hours and 40 minutes, putting Williams in No. 9 on the list of most experienced spacewalkers. On August 30, 2012, she and JAXA astronaut Hoshide ventured outside the ISS to conduct US EVA-18. They removed and replaced the failing Main Bus Switching Unit-1 (MBSU-1), and installed a thermal cover onto Pressurized Mating Adapter-2 (PMA-2). In July 2015, NASA announced she as one of the first astronauts for U.S. Commercial spaceflights. Subsequently, she has started working with Boeing and SpaceX to train in their commercial crew vehicles, along with other chosen astronauts. In August 2018 she was assigned to the first mission flight, CTS-1, to the International Space Station of the Boeing CST-100 Starliner.
A general physician, 32-year-old Shawna Pandya is one of two candidates shortlisted from 3,200 people enrolled in the Citizen Science Astronaut (CSA) program. She may fly with eight other astronauts in space missions slated to take off by 2018.She, who was born in Alberta in Canada and has roots in Mumbai, is a woman of many talents. Apart from being an astronaut currently preparing for two space missions, she is a general physician (who works at Alberta University hospital), an author, an international taekwondo champion and has trained in Muay Thai with a Navy SEAL.Fluent in French, Spanish and Russian, this multitasker has even been a Silicon Valley entrepreneur, sung in an opera, walked the runway as a model and given a TEDx talk about resilience!Deeply passionate about both space and medical science, Shawna decided to study neuroscience because the first Canadian woman in space, Roberta Bondar, was a neuro-opthalmologist. This branch of medicine investigates the effects of spaceflight on the central nervous system of humans to establish countermeasures that will mitigate effects like space motion sickness.After completing her B.Sc in neuroscience at University of Alberta, Shawna did her M.Sc. in space sciences at International Space University. Thereafter, she got her MD in Medicine from University of Alberta.Interestingly, she had applied for medical school and the space program at the same time, aiming to build her career in space neuroscience, a field she finds exciting and immensely fascinating.She is working under a project called Polar Suborbital Science in the Upper Mesosphere (PoSSUM), which will study the effects of climate change. While training for this project at the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in US, she wore spacesuits, rode on aerobatic flights and experienced changing gravity environments as part of the the Scientist-Astronaut course.Other than conducting experiments in space-specific bio-medicine, she will also be working on Physiological, Health, and Environmental Observations in Microgravity (PHEnOM). This is a microgravity human research program that will conduct cross-disciplinary research into commercial human spaceflight.She is also a prime crew member of Project Poseidon, a 100-day underwater mission at the Aquarius Space Research Facility in Florida, the world’s only undersea laboratory dedicated to science and education.If successful, Project Poseidon will surpass the world record for the longest mission conducted from an undersea habitat. The vision behind this research initiative is to facilitate a greater understanding of the link and synergy that exists between sea and space, and to use the mission as a catalyst to strengthen that connection.An adventure seeking go-getter who has been reaching for stars, figuratively as well as literally, she sees an opportunity in every challenge thrown at her.
All these Indian women astronauts prove that there is tremendous potential in India. Indian girl students and women, have the zeal to venture out, but aren’t always aware of the ways in which they can. All they need is to get acquainted with everyday developments in science, be resilient and always try to achieve something bigger.
Continuing the series of blogs by IWRM on Indian women who have smashed stereotypes and have entered male bastions, here is the tenth piece on Indian Women Bands.
Below are Indian women bands who have been defying the stereotypical thought process and building faith in women empowerment with their music and team spirit.
Tetseo Sisters (Nagaland)
Mütsevelü, Mercy, Alune and Kuvelu, the Tetseo Sisters began their journey in 1994 and haven’t looked back since! Keeping their love for music and the flames of their Chakhesang tribe burning, the Tetseo Sisters are loved by all. Their genres include folk, fusion and western along with ‘Li’, the Naga folk genre. What stands out for them along with their barrier breaking music is their love for traditional attire. Upholding the values of their tribe comes naturally to them The Tetseo Sisters are the true cultural ambassadors of the North East performing the traditional folk music of Nagaland vocally as a band in many popular live shows across the country and abroad. They have been featured in numerous cultural events and are regulars at Music Festivals around the country including Hornbill Music Festival, Storm Festival, North East Festival, Kalakshetra Foundation, Cultures of Peace series, Folk Nations and more recently at the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo 2014.
Hailing from Shillong, Afflatu (Uh-flay-tus) is a four-member rock band that let’s the music do the talking for them. With Grace Miller at the vocals, Karen Donoghue strumming some amazing tunes with the guitar, Sharon Zadeng going bassy and Mercy Millers keeping the beats going with drums, the Afflatus have been rocking the musical stage all around India with spunk and quirkiness.There is an enigmatic spirit within their rock and reggae mix music that’s highlighted by a more than strange female bravado. According to the band members, their journey was “inspirational” that never lost sight of the one thread, one passion, one love that binds them together; the love of creating music. Afflatus is said to be the emergence of a truly international sound, having the record label with India. Although the band is influenced simply by life itself, but the band can’t deny the fact that they are also influenced by the sounds of the Beatles, RHCP, Flux Pavillion and Bruno Mars. Their debut performance as Afflatus in 2004 won them an award and that too at the national level. Since then, Afflatus, have come a long way with a debut album in the making, numerous high profile concerts under their belt and the emergence of a truly international sound.
The Vinyl Records (Arunachal Pradesh)
Taking inspiration from The Runaways, The Strokes and B-52’s among others, The Vinyl Records are not a band to mess with! This four member band consists of Cheryyrian Bark, who is the lead vocalist, Banu Jini on the guitars, Minam on the bass and Mithy on the drums. Their genre reflects much of their inspirations – indie rock, post punk and new wave. They are the poster children of new waves from the 70s and 80s with a touch of glam and oozing of rock star confidence! Formed in February 2010, The Vinyl Records is considered as one of the most happening bands in the Indian rock music circuit, the band got featured on MTV F1 Rocks 2011, and since then they have regularly appeared in many countless top journals including Cosmopolitan, Marie Claire and Tehelka. They have performed in well known festivals and events like the Ziro Festival of Music, Puma Loves Vinyl, The LOUDEST Gig in Delhi, etc. The band members are Banu Jini, Minam Tekseng, Mithy Tatak and Cheyyrian Bark.
Apples is a three piece Rock ‘N’ Roll all girl band from Aizawl. The three girls began their music journey in october, 2007. The Apples is fronted by Zodingliani with her retro rock style and smirking off high energy guitar wizardy. The band includes of Jojo(Vocalist), ZoZoi(Drummer), Afaki (Bassist) and DingDingi(Guitarist). They have also covered the Mizo version of the 50’s hit “Stupid Cupid” which helped them increase their popularity and fan base. The band’s main principle is to produce commercial and semi-commercial music taste of their community.
Minute of Decay (Manipur)
Worshon Muivah is the lead vocalist and guitarist, Singchon Muivah is going the bass route and Thotyaphy Muivah is beating those drums. Coming from a family that loves music, it’s no surprise their influences (Janis Joplin, CCR, Led Zeppelin) reflect in their genre. Funk rock, indie pop and indie folk are backdrop of their music. The three sisters wish to continue their love for music for generations to come through their music.The band mainly plays classic rock punctuated by a stylized pinch of contemporary vocals and alternative riffs – an obsession with sweet medleys.Minute of Decay’s preparatory is laced with a fine example of foresight and discipline from their parents. Their own love affair with music, they ensured, would survive into the next generation through their children, even if it means an all-girls situation.
The Chosen (Mizoram)
This girl band can teach you a thing or two about praising god musically. Originating from Aizawl, The Chosen are a Christian band that believe music is the gateway to the soul and to find god in your heart. The outfit consists of Moitei and Fiona on the vocals, Seni on guitars, Xoey with her bass, Malsomi on keys, Afeli on drums and Parema, who is the song-writer and manager. They praise the Lord in pop, pop-rock and indie, and man, are they good. Although most of their songs are in their native language,Mizo, a sense of serenity is felt regardless!The band had risen up to the Mizo music scene with their first single “Broken Wings”, later followed by “Kan fak a che (We praise you)”. The lead vocalist Fiona Lalmalsawmi Pachuau won Special Award at MoonLight Awards 2011. Essentially a Pop, Pop-rock, Indie band, the band, started jamming out in the first half of 2009 and got together as a Gospel band (All-Girl band) by the end of that year.
7.Genesis of Pink (Sikkim)
Genesis of Pink is a new generation band from Sikkim. They draw inspiration from groups like Led Zeppelin, John Mayer, Norah Jones and The Doors, and believe in versatility. Beginning their journey in 2013, the girls have taken the nation by storm with their music, good looks and confidence. They convey the message of everyday struggles of societal living and delicate issues like rape and violence.Formed in April 2013, Genesis of Pink is a Gangtok based four member punk-rock band comprises of Mahima Apchunna Rai (Vocalist/Rhythm Guitarist), Dechen Gyurmi Zangmu (Lead Guitarist), Annies Pamo Lucksom (Bassist) and Shrishti Rai (Keyboardist). The band released two music videos “Who are you” and “Ka Bata” in 2016.
Blue Corn (Mizoram)
Blue Corn is a pop trio and one of the most popular girl groups of Mizoram. The group consists of Felicia Singson, Kim Kimi and Tlingi. In 2006, they released their music video “Lung Lawm A kim” from their debut album – Lunglawn Akim. The album enjoyed a lime-light success in Mizoram, Manipur and other parts of Northeast states. They popularity hits not only in Mizoram but neighbouring states of Manipur and Nagaland as well.
Hurricane Girls (Assam)
In 2011, Assam’s first all-girl band was formed in a small village of Nahira, about 30 km off Guwahati. The lead vocalist, composer and director Mamani Kalita along with her drummer friend Arju Begum took the initiative. Apart from headlining various festivals in their home state, this fusion-folk rock band has played an array of gigs hitting Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi and Ahmedabad. The band’s musical journey began in 2011 performing at a cultural function organised by a coaching institute at Rabindra Bhawan in Guwahati. The band uses some traditional Assamese musical instruments like dhol, nagara, dotara with keyboard, guitar, drums and modern percussion instruments to create a musical illusion. Band members as on 2016 – Mamani, Mumpy, Maina kaberi, Jenny, Luku and Pragya.
Vivance – Naga Girls (Nagaland)
This four member Naga group is fairly new, but they are already creating waves in the indie circuit. They’re a coming-of-age pop band, and the amalgamation of the serenity of their voices and orchestrated musical talent make them a standout group!This four piece pop band from Dimapur is an offspring of collective efforts punched by Mhonyamo Kikon and Meyi to introduce a catchy flavor of girl power into the Nagaland music scene. Formed on November 25, 2013, the band’s style of playing is considered to have a blend of pop rock, and Indie, so they call themselves an experimental Pop/Indie rock band, the joy and to uplift and empower women in the state. In 2014, the band has released their Debut EP Dream Out Loud.
Pais and The PetticoatsThis Mumbai based group is a powerhouse of talent! With Alisha Pais leading the way with her husky voice, Naama killing it at the drums, Snehala strumming away her love for music, Pia sharing Alisha’s interest in breaking into a song and Samay joining them now and then, this band sure knows how to transport their life experiences and dreams in the most musical way possible. Their genres are folk, alternative and soul-pop and boy, do they know how to keep a crowd swooning to their orchestrated love for music!
With love, fusion acoustics and the virtuous display of freedom, the Colour Chaos’s music echoes all the way from Chennai. With Shalini on guitars and Shema on the djembe and a paired effort of vocals, they relate to the crowd with music as a form of expression! Their style of music is a fusion of Indian and western acoustics. With strings to pluck on, voices to raise and beats to thump to on the djembe, the Colour Chaos can fill your soul with music!
Tritha Sinha and Ritika Singh – SPACE
Two extremely talented and acknowledged women of our time, they bring women empowerment to the fore with a bang! While Tritha is more rooted to her Bengali musical lineage, Ritika brings the contemporary side to music. Their collaboration SPACE talks about women expressing their rights and emotions through performance and music. Bengali, English, Hindi, Sanskrit, their electro-fusion feat has all the languages and elements of power house trip with a little help from Paul Schnieter!
Kickstarting with the name ‘Maiden Raga’ in early 2014, these girls know how to rock and roll! Ritika, Vinaya and Anagha were basektball buddies who came up with the idea of forming a band and Suvarna came thumpthumping with her drumming skills in August 2014. They draw their inspiration from bands such as Switchfoot, Nirvana and Aerosmith among other and it reflects perfectly well in their genres too – soft rock, punk rock and classic rock.
15 Stree Shakti-World’s First All-Female Indian Classical Band
Formed in 1996 by Anuradha Pal, Stree Shakti band has been enthralling audiences with its flawless presentation of engaging combinations from both, Hindustani & Carnatic systems of music. A unique combination of melody, poetry & rhythm fusing the traditional with the contemporary, with power packed World Percussion, is what gives Anuradha Pal’s Stree Shakti band, a discernible edge & explains its popularity for over 20 years. Anuradha Pal’s Stree Shakti performed at the world famous WOMAD Festival (U.K-1999) for 150,000 fans. This performance won great appreciation from the Rock star Sting, who ‘was blown away by their show’ & even hailed them as the ‘Indian Spice Girls’. The band also collaborated with the Pan African Orchestra for a concert tour of England, Ireland & Scotland in 2002. The bands performances at Prestigious International Music Festivals include the Rhythm Sticks Festival, Oldham Mela, BBC Music Live, Common Wealth Games Festival, City of London Festival, Cardiff Jazz Festival, Asian Music Festival, Bangkok International Music Festival and in India for ICCR, SAARC & CHOGM Summit, SRA – ITC Sangeet Sammelan, Spirit of Unity Concerts, Nehru Centre, NCPA, Malleshwaram Sangeetha Sabha, Hyderabad Hydourite Festival, Pracheen Kala Kendra, Bangalore Percussive Arts, World Music festival, Bharat Bhawan, M.P. Kala Parishad, Lilavati Hospital amongst numerous others.
These innovative & path-breaking bands challenges gender stereotypes & biases, celebrating the emergence of woman power in the ‘male-bastion of Indian Bands, thus promoting female empowerment, inclusion, opportunity, equality & dignity.
Continuing the series of blogs by IWRM on Indian women who have smashed stereotypes and have entered male bastions, here is the ninth piece on Indian Women Detectives.
The job of detectives and the world of spies, fascinates anyone who has ever read Agatha Christie, Sherlock Holmes, Byomkesh Bakshi, or Feluda or seen movies like James Bond. But real-life private detectives are a little hard to find in India, as the profession is not really a recognized one, and there aren’t that many ways to get the required training to be one. But these women are the real-life Sherlock Homes of the India. They are swift, smart and these daredevils know how to get the work done.
TARALIKA LAHIRI, DETECTIVE SINCE 1989
TARALIKA Lahiri’s journey as a detective has been a sweet transition, from a school teacher who taught English to a detective who solved cases. Born and brought up in Allahabad, Lahiri hails from a very simple family that believes in the strong foundation of education. Having done her masters in English literature, she moved to Delhi in 1986 after marriage.She taught English in a school as a substitute teacher for a while but later found a job of an executive in a detective agency that dealt in security related gadgets, in 1989. The first case that came to her was related to embezzlement in one of the banks in Allahabad. She adds, “Since I was from Allahabad, my company thought I would be the right person for the assignment. I went there and worked on the case for about 10 days. When I submitted my report, my boss said he would appoint me as a full-time detective. And that was it. From a school teacher, I became a full time detective.””When I came back home, I told my husband about the offer”. My husband was very receptive to the whole idea. He asked me to weigh pros and cons before making a decision. It is because of him that today I can travel overseas for assignments. My mother initially had a lot of problems. She did not like me coming home late. However, with time that changed too.”
The 53-year-old detective has solved a variety of cases, ranging from busting a racket of making minors work in sports factory to murder investigations. She has also been abroad for her assignments, and says that it is very important to know the law of the land before you take such assignments. “A country like UAE is very tough on the snooping business. You are in a lot of trouble if you are caught,” she adds.Talking from the safety point of view, she says, “To solve one particular case, I had to change my car three times and walk for 5-6 km to ensure that my path could not be traced.”One particularly harrowing case, which was also covered in the news, came into her hands in 2014. An auto driver was reported to have killed his American wife before self-immolating, in Agra. She was intrinsically connected to the case, having being assigned to trace the same woman by her boyfriend in the US.She adds, “I was contacted by her boyfriend who wanted to me trace her location. Using social media I started speaking to the woman and became friends with her. I went to meet her in Agra where I found that her husband was a young auto driver was not happy with her lifestyle. He told me that she used to go out at night with strange men and behaved unlike an Indian bride. After I came back, her boyfriend told me that he would be coming to India to meet the woman. A day before he was going to land, I read the news of her death. I was very shocked, and had to break this news to him at the airport.”
Keeping all the intrigues of her profession aside, she only has once concern – that the profession be recognized by the government. “Like other countries,” she says, “detectives in India should also be assigned a valid identity. Youngsters take a lot of interest and come to us with many queries but most of them do not join as their parents are against such a job.”
RAJANI PANDIT, DETECTIVE SINCE 1991
The first known female private detective in India. Born in a middle class family in Thane, Maharashtra, it would seem that she was almost destined for detective work. Her father was a CID inspector who had worked on the Mahatma Gandhi murder case. However, he was not very supporting of her career choice.“My father said that this is not a suitable field for women. But my mom knew I had been very stubborn since I was young. She just said that I should be allowed to do whatever I want to do.” Rajani wanted to be a lawyer or a teacher, but her first case showed that she was tailor-made to be a detective, because it wasn’t something she was paid for, but an investigation borne out of her curiosity.
In college, she noticed one of her friends acting strangely, and then began to investigate the matter using her own money. She found out that her friend was getting herself involved in some questionable activities, and informed her parents. It was when her friend’s father asked her, “aap jasoos ho?” (Are you a detective?) that the seed of the idea was sown into her head.“I realized that if you look around carefully, you will find many problems and mysteries in many houses. Problems that people can’t solve themselves and need external help with. But they don’t have any evidence and don’t know where to go. That’s when an investigator comes into the picture.”It was not easy for her to establish a career. Not only did she have to fight people’s ideas of whether or not her choice of career was appropriate for a woman, but she also started her career in a time when things like cell phones, computers, and other sophisticated gadgets did not exist.“Back then, there were no fancy gadgets like spy cameras and recorders that we have today and there were certainly no training schools for detective work. I was not allowed to run ads in paper regarding my agency, so everything was word of mouth.”Despite all this, she managed to start her own company, Rajani Pandit Detective Services, in 1991. Today, she has 20 people working under her. They have solved over 75,000 cases, including murders. Her job requires her to adopt many disguises from time to time. “I have played a mentally challenged woman, a blind woman, deaf and mute and once even a one-legged woman. The key is to never let anybody realize that you are acting, always think on your feet and never ever let your guard down.”
In one of her cases, she was undercover for six months, pretending to be domestic help in the house of a woman who had allegedly murdered her son. She was almost caught when the woman found a tape recorder in her room, but managed to allay suspicion by not returning home for the next three months, lest the woman followed her. When she finally solved the case, she had to drop a knife on her foot in order to get an excuse to go out of the house and complain to the police.“I was never scared of anything. I knew from the start that the one thing we are all afraid of is death. And that can come in any way. You can die while sitting in the living room if the ceiling falls…so there is actually nothing to be scared of.” Detective work may have gotten easier over the years because of the advancement in technology and the availability of things like spy cameras, bugs, and digital recorders. But her clientele also evolved to include businessmen, politicians, and film stars, and her work has taken her to Dubai, London, and Sweden.“I have had many of the stars, both male and female, as my clients, wherein they want me to find out if their partners are cheating on them. The modus operandi is that the actresses come wearing burkhas alone to me in a five-star hotel, which they pay for, to tell me their problems. In almost all cases, the result is always found to be true. But I have never seen them separating from their husbands even when they find it out to be true.”
BHAVNA PALIWAL, DETECTIVE SINCE 2000
BHAVNA Paliwal started out as an intern in a newspaper but soon realized that it was not what she wanted from her life. She, hails from Agra, moved to Delhi with her elder brother for better prospects. She was deeply inspired by Kiran Bedi and her father, who was a social worker. From the beginning, she had the desire within her to make an impact in society.This desire took her to a newspaper office, where she started out as an intern. Unfortunately, she did not find any satisfaction in her work. One day she chanced upon a newspaper ad seeking young female and male candidates for a detective agency. Having worked as a reporting intern, she knew the basics – how to source facts and talk to the right people – so she decided to give it a try.Now, having spent quite a few years as a detective, she says that having a presence of mind is the key. One’s talent lies in the ability to escape a particularly harrowing situation.
Sharing her very first assignment, where she was asked to find out the whereabouts of a girl, she says, “We were asked to meet her family and trace her location. My colleague and I disguised ourselves as salesgirls and reached the given address. The mother of the girl was talking to us about her daughter, and we were quite close to the information we wanted, when the girl’s father – a retired IB officer – came into the picture.”He confronted the two of them, scaring them death. “He told us that he would let us go if he told him the truth,” she adds, “I was almost caught. The confidence and the presence of mind came to our rescue. We did not reveal our true selves even though we felt that we were being interrogated. After escaping the situation, I never looked back.”To get information out of people, she says one has to get into the character and be ready to experience all sorts of circumstances. Sharing an anecdote she says, “For one particular case, I had to disguise myself as a maid. I rented a small space near the target and lived there with other women who worked as domestic helps. On other occasions, I had to dress as an NGO worker, a teacher an Anganwadi official.”
While her life as a detective was full of such interesting interludes, for a long time she did not disclose her job profile to her family, fearing resistance from them. Her brother was the first one to figure out her profession when he saw her photo in a newspaper article.Talking about the variety of cases she gets, she says, “Men are the most tortured ones. There was a time when women were actually the victims but now it is the reverse. We get a lot of cases where men are being conned by women or being cheated on by their partner. There has been a rise in cases of extramarital affairs. Apart from marital and post marital cases, parents also approach to snoop on their children whom they suspect of substance abuse.”In most cases, she adds, things end in settlements. The parties prefer to sort things out instead of dragging them to the court. In the end, there is a sense of satisfaction to her job – the fact that she was able to help someone to get to the truth.
TANYA PURI, DETECTIVE SINCE 2014
TANYA Puri’s inspiration is none other than her own father, Baldev Puri, who is a veteran detective himself. As a child, she observed her father working on various cases. “The way he used to crack cases, and then tell me about them is something that I will cherish all my life,” she says, adding, “My father used to give me imaginary situations and ask me to connect the dots. I considered that to be the best the way to spend my playtime.”she got her first real exposure into the world of spying when her father roped her in for a case while she was still in college. She was asked to snoop on a girl whose parents suspected her to be dating someone. That was just the beginning for the 24-year-old. she, who has a degree in mass communication, soon floated her own agency and hired several young female investigators.
Hired for their mental capabilities, these investigators are properly trained to handle all sorts of situations. she says, ” I believe that safety comes first. Some investigators already know martial arts, and all of them are provided with bikes. It is all about the skill of not getting caught by those we are spying on. In any case, the investigators are trained well to handle any situation.”Two and a half years into the profession, she says that the profession is promising not just from a satisfaction point of view but monetary as well. “In this profession,” she adds, “experience is money. With experience you make more money and less mistakes. This profession is all about making zero mistakes. You have to be sly in a way that people around you do not understand.”
Coming to the extent to which a detective should get involved in a case, she says “We collect the evidence and provide it to our clients. What is shown in TV shows and movies, where a private detective is closely involved in a case and working in tandem with the police, is all myth. People have stereotyped the profession. We do not wear hats and long overcoats. The profession is all about blending in the environment around you.”Her father, who is the vice-president of Association of Private Detectives and Investigators, believes that the times have changed for the better. “Gone are the days,” he says, “when people believed that women were not meant for jobs that required a lot of field work. We get several queries from young girls who want to become detectives. I tell them to first finish their graduation and then join us. Women sleuths have an edge over males, since they can have access to different places with more ease. The snooping business has a lot of scope for women, and over the years the demand for women detectives has also increased.”
All these women detectives achievements in their field are admirable, even more so because they has done so well in a male-dominated field. They has challenged the set gender roles that society enforces, and has proven that women can do as well as men in such fields of work.Their mantra is “If you want to do something, you should do it. There should be no shame in doing any work you are passionate about. Self-confidence, courage, and stubbornness – these are the things that take you a long way. With these, women can do anything that they set their minds to.”
Continuing the series of blogs by IWRM on Indian women who have smashed stereotypes and have entered male bastions, here is the eight piece on Indian Women Gymnasts.
Since India gained independence, it has struggled to keep up with gymnastics in the Olympic games. There have been a total of 11 Indian male gymnasts–two in 1952, three in 1956, and six in 1964–but never before have female gymnasts made it this far.
Females in India are discouraged from playing sports and many are forced into early marriages that cut them off from opportunity.However, there has been a recent rise female athletes that’s challenging the role of gender in sports and redefining what is and isn’t possible for women.
Dipa’s road to Rio involved long years of training in a ramshackle gymnasium using makeshift equipment fashioned out of discarded scooter parts and crash mats. What’s more, she and her coach Bisweshwar Nandi also had to contend with India’s conservative social norms that frown upon a young girl spending so much time with a man, even if he is her trainer.
Dipa (born 9 August 1993)is an Indian artistic gymnast.She gained attention when she won a bronze medal at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, becoming the first Indian female gymnast to do so in the history of the Games. She also won a bronze medal at the Asian Gymnastics Championships and finished fifth at the 2015 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships, both firsts for her country.
She represented India at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, becoming the first Indian female gymnast ever to compete in the Olympics, and the first Indian gymnast to do so in 52 years.She attained fourth position in Women’s Vault Gymnastics event at Rio, with an overall score of 15.066. In July 2018, she became the first Indian gymnast to win a gold medal at a global event, when she finished first in the vault event of the FIG Artistic Gymnastics World Challenge Cup at Mersin, Turkey. She is one of the only five women who have successfully landed the Produnova, which is regarded as the most difficult vault currently performed in women’s gymnastics. She is a recipient of the Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India. For her performance in Rio Olympics 2016, the Government of India conferred upon her the Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna award in August 2016. Hailing from Agartala in Tripura, she started her school life in Abhoynagar Nazrul Smriti Vidyalaya; she started practicing gymnastics when she was 6 years old and has been coached by Soma Nandi & Bisweshwar Nandi since. When she began gymnastics, she had flat feet, an undesirable physical trait in a gymnast because it affects their performance. Through extensive training, she was able to develop an arch in her foot. In 2008, she won the Junior Nationals in Jalpaiguri. Since 2007, she has won 77 medals, including 67 gold, in state, national and international championships. She was part of the Indian gymnastics contingent at the 2010 Commonwealth Games in Delhi
Aruna (born 25 December 1995) is an Indian female artistic gymnast, representing at international competitions. She won bronze medal in 2018 World Cup Gymnastics in women’s vault event in Melbourne. She created history by becoming the first Indian to clinch a medal at Gymnastics World Cup. She competed at world championships, including the 2013 World Artistic Gymnastics Championships in Antwerp, Belgium.She is supported by GoSports Foundation thhrough the Rahul Dravid athlete mentorship programme.
Aruna participated in the World Championships in 2013, 2014 and 2017 at Antwerp, Nanning and Montreal respectively, but failed to progress beyond the qualifying rounds.
She competed at the 2018 Gymnastics World Cup and created history after becoming the first Indian to win a medal in an individual event at the Gymnastics World Cup by claiming a bronze medal in the women’s individual vault event.
She is being hailed as the country’s second best female gymnast after Dipa Karmakar. In the last month, Pranati also missed bronze by a whisker in the senior Asian Gymnastics Championship in Bangkok. She finished fourth in the vault, dragging similar picture when Dipa Karmakar finished at the fourth position in the Rio Olympics.
The 22-year-old gymnast is the student of Kolkata’s Sports Authority of India (SAI) coach Minara Begum. Pranati is originally from West Bengal’s Midnapore district. Pranati is ecstatic after getting the opportunity of training under Dronacharya awardee coach Bishweshwar Nandi in the national camp.
However,gymnastics is an afterthought in India, a country more enamored by sports like cricket. As a result, it’s extremely difficult to raise money for expensive equipment or advanced training for budding gymnasts .Not only are these brave women tackling the hurdles of sports in a country like India but also simultaneously dismantling patriarchy and transcending cultural vices of denying women freedom and equal opportunities.
Continuing the series of blogs by IWRM on Indian women who have smashed stereotypes and have entered male bastions, here is the seventh piece on Indian Women Sailors.
Around the world in 254 days, with 6 women sailors!
After an arduous voyage of eight months to circumnavigate the globe on a sailboat, with stop-overs at five ports, INSV Tarini with six women naval officers made history.
The “Navika Sagar Parikrama” expedition, led by Lieutenant Commander Vartika Joshi, is the first-ever Indian circumnavigation of the globe by an all-women crew.
Covering over 21,600 nautical miles since she left Goa on September 10 last year, the Indian-built sailing vessel INSV Tarini visited five countries and crossed the Equator twice, sailed across four continents and three oceans, and “passed south” of the three “Great Capes” – Leeuwin, Horn and Good Hope
They battled winds up to 60 knots in the middle of the Pacific Ocean. “Moderate to rough sea conditions, with sea states up to five, winds gusting up to 35-30 knots and swells as high as six meters, was a matter of routine for the gutsy crew,” said Captain Sharma.
The expedition was sailed in six legs, with stopovers at the Fremantle (Australia), Lyttleton (New Zealand), Port Stanley (Falklands), Cape Town (South Africa) and Mauritius. “The crew called on governors, high commissioners, mayors etc during their stopovers.
Rohini Rau – India’s number One woman sailor!
Rohini Rau won a Gold Medal in Sailing for India in the Asian Sailing Championships in January 2004. She has the rare distinction of bringing home Tamilnadu’s first gold medal for India in Sailing and along with her sailing partner Pallavi Naik from Goa Yachting Association of being the first girls to win a gold medal for India in Sailing at an International Meet.
She is now the first Indian woman to win an international bronze in an Olympic class (Laser Radial) at the Izola Spring Cup, Slovenia on April 13th 2009
Rohini has won a total of 14 National Gold medals, 5 National Silver medals and 2 Asian Gold medals. She has also represented India in numerous International events including 8 World Championships.
During the year 2008 she became National champion in 3 categories, Laser Radial, 420 and J-24 Match racing.
• Rohini represented India in the Zoom 8 World Championships in Netherlands in August, 2004
• She has the distinction of being the first Asian Girl Sailor to sail the Zoom 8
• Rohini was awarded the YAI Best Yachtswoman 2005 in September 2006 making her the numero uno woman sailor of India.
• Rohini won her first National Inland Laser Championship, Hyderabad in the Women’s Radial event in August 2005
• She took part in many International events during 2007 including the ISAF World Sailing Championship at Cascais, Portugal. This became her passport into the ISAF World Ranking as the first Indian Woman to be ranked at 356.
• During the Australian circuit in December 2007 she came a creditable 30th place overall at the Australian Nationals and made a massive jump in the rankings to 224
• She participated in the Radial World Championship at Auckland, New Zealand in February 2008 which was the final qualification event for the Beijing Olympics 2008
• Rohini sailed in her home waters, in Chennai at the Laser Coastal Nationals in April 2008 and won the Women’s event and for the first time featured 3rdoverall beating the men.
• In Oct 2008, was part of the India’s first Women’s Match racing team that represented India at the World Women’s Match racing event, in Busan, Korea. The team finished 9th overall and 2nd in Asia.
• She is the first Indian woman to win an international medal in an Olympic class – Laser Radial in Slovenia and in 2010 she won silver in Istanbul.
• She is the only Indian sailor to be part of the Emerging Nations Programme at Perth and attended 5 camps training for Perth 2011 world championships
• On May 14, 2011 she tied in points for the first position in the OPEN CLASS of the Coastal Nationals in Mumbai. This the first time in Indian Sailing History that a woman sailor has tied in first position, beating all the men from the army and the navy!
• In Dec 2011, Rohini represented India in the Laser Radial at the World Championships in Perth, Australia
• In May 2012, Rohini missed qualification for the 2012 Olympic Games by one country at the World Championships in Germany
• In July 2012, Rohini again bagged her 8th consecutive Gold medal in the Laser Radial Nationals at Hyderabad, India