Rape,dowry,foeticide-Modern times holocaust of the Indian women:part 1


Every 22 minutes a woman is raped in India, every 90 minutes a bride is burnt alive! out of every 10 women 7 have been sexually harassed, female foeticide status at a all time best ,945 females per 1000 males and honor killings reported at least a 1000 every year. and the icing on the cake, India is on the number 4 Th position in the list for most dangerous countries for women giving tough competition to Afghanistan and  Congo. WOW!!! Not convinced watch this- NIRBHAYA

Many of us must have come across these famous lines,”water water everywhere,not a drop to drink” Yes that’s the state of rapes in India, every where whether you are rich or poor doesn’t matter ,whether you are young or old doesn’t matter, maybe the policies of government for population control or illiteracy eradication may not have access to the cross section of people in the country but the objectification of woman is a common theme for all. Right from the daily wage labor class to the factory workers to employees of MN C’s ,the first thing men notice about an individual is her gender and then the vicious circle of teasing ,harassment and rape starts.In India being a woman is a curse! You think I am overreacting then please watch this.

Mostly  they will kill you in the womb itself or if you are successful in taking birth,then you had it.Right from the discrimination at home where you will be competing for food ,clothing and education with your brothers or fathers or uncles,to the widespread unreported sexual abuse by the same men folk, you would also be taught by the women folk what you are not suppose to do since you are a female, yes you got it right a list of d  o’s and dont’s is handed to every little girl in India and yes her ears are pierced even before she starts speaking because she is a girl and it is her duty to become beautiful even when she is still running around in her diapers!



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It’s my Fifth birthday!


Five years ago, I made a tryst to keep the revolution going and here is Indian Women Revolution Movement(IWRM) completing it’s five years . This has only happened because of the immense love and appreciation of all my readers who are spread over in 94 different nations. I thank each and everyone of you for your time and effort . I also hope, I keep you engaged with my blog in the future too.

As a token of my appreciation ,I am giving away five copies of the book “Reclaiming Chai , Getting Over Straps & Other Rants”.

To claim your copy you just have to write something about Indian Women Revolution Movement and the five best entries will receive the book .

If you wish to participate do write to me @ iman4@outlook .com .

Happy reading and long live the revolution!

How to get a Bikini Body?


How to get a Bikini Body?

This question after, how the universe was made ,is the the most flabbergasting.

But don’t you worry after years and years of research , surveys , going through ancient textbooks ,massive astrological data with an in-depth study of culture religion ,politics , philosophy and of course not to forget the genesis of the medical sciences finally mankind has found the answer to ,at least the latter question of how to get a bikini body?

But before revealing the answer ,I would really like to enumerate the benefits of wearing a bikini;

Firstly ,this piece or pieces of garment is absolutely food friendly .It doesn’t matter if you had a heavy breakfast or lunch or are just feeling a little bloated it just doesn’t judge or try to press your stomach inside or leave a mark on the skin in the process. It simply hangs there by the strings giving ample space and time to your oh not so lovely ,slim ,washboard (in fantasy )abs.

Secondly don’t even bother to keep them on under water , you could just fling it along the coast because guess what inside the water nobody can see you so with or without a bikini is your freedom to choose.

Finally the Bikini doesn’t judge you like most of the people or figure hugging garments . It just lets you be no matter your shape or size or whatever because guess what it is not going to stand up and fat shame you . On the contrary it will let you see the parts of you which you had always hidden and more so make you a person who doesn’t give a damn .

For the people who judge-What you can see a pound of flesh here or there or may be a dozen pounds or maybe cellulite, so what’s the great deal – a body is made of flesh dodo! The bikini doesn’t give a damn so why do you , maybe the starvation of fats has led your body to eat up your grey cells:)whatever little there were because that department of yours looks a bit like the Kalahari desert.

So the answer is here

One ,You have a body

Two,You just have to buy a Bikini

Or maybe you can skip point number two completely and go skinny dipping

Three, Wear your Fuck you all attitude and remember all the magazines , articles , advertisements , influencers, fashion models and whichever jackass who tells you that you have to have a

Bikini Body to wear a Bikini

Common man it’s not like we are going to space and it needs getting used to a space suit. After all it is just a cover for our private parts which we want to hide publicly!

So go ahead hit the water,hit it hard and with it hit all the fat shaming , body shaming and other retarded techniques of pulling women down.The Bikini shall be the wheels of change.

Fifth Blogaversary Giveaway Contest


On the occasion of the fifth anniversary of our blog we are giving away five copies of the book “Reclaiming Chai,Getting Over Straps & Other Rants” to the best five reviews for any Write up featured on http://www.indianwomenrevolutionmovement.wordpress.com

To enter just choose any write up from our blog IWRM and write a review on it.The best five entries will get a copy each of the book RCGOSAOR and also these entries will be featured on the Blog IWRM as well.

Last date to submit is 02June 2019.Please email your entries on iman4@outlook.com.

The winners will be announced on 04 June 2019, the fifth blogaversary of IWRM.

http://www.rafflecopter.com/rafl/display/0805f35c0/?a Rafflecopter giveaway



The Legging Revolution & Nighty Brigade

Well well well , once again the question is

To be or not to be!

Women as we are and as we know ,how sexualised our body is and how much moral policing is done.

Right from the nape of the neck to the belly button everything is supposedly sexy.

Women’s legs in thigh – calf hugging legging is highly provocative so is a free flowing nighty or maxi!

The very fact that anything which shows the silhouette of a female is considered armed and dangerous for our society of men who have no control over themselves.

But the ever green saree with the midriff and cleavage show is perfectly fine and very culturally appropriate. Not to forget the deep neck front and back suit is also too Indian to be criticised

The thing is ,whenever a woman uses her agency to say or do anything or for that matter uses her attire as a statement, every Tom Dick and Harry jumps on the bandwagon of policing women’s bodies.

What is it that makes us a nation so uncomfortable at the sight of a nighty or leggings?

Why have we sexualised the woman body so much that even her wearing normal clothes titillate men and gives them public orgasms!

News flash – women have not taken birth to assuage men’s desire of sex.

Sex as we know is not a man’s right but a privilege extended by a woman to a man.

Not the other way round ,like men think they are entitled to sex to the extent that even the law in this country thinks so thereby not making martial rape a criminal offence!

Such are the times we Indian women live through these idiosyncrasies but let me be very clear ,Indian women have rebelled and not in armours this time but in leggings and nighties.

And if it is too difficult for the thick heads to understand why women have chosen leggings and nighties over sarees and suits , the answer is simple -comfort.

India being a tropical country is hot and humid so the practicality of wearing garments which are low maintenance and airy is paramount. The boundaries of class , caste and religion has been easily transcended by the leggings and nighties more that any other movement has permeated making it nothing short of a revolution.

Just too bad that you don’t like the sight.

But what to do this is not a Karan Johar movie or a Sabyasachi trousseau

This is the life of an ordinary Indian woman who fights everyday bit by bit inching towards her empowerment.

Indian Women Smashing Stereotypes


On the occasion of Women’s day we must remember the Indian Women achievers who have not only entered the male bastions but furthered the cause of Indian women empowerment. Indian Women Revolution Movement had done a series on such achievers during the course of last year which has been compiled here for the ease of the readers. A very happy women’s day to all!


A poetry collection which explores the illusion of love, the carnage of betrayal and its aftermath, the process of self-discovery and self-love and the emergence of a new self, who has walked through the fires of life.

AGNIDIKSHA presents “Aftermath Of A Carnage” now available for pre-order on Amazon.com

Releasing on 04 March 2019!

Reclaiming Chai ,getting over Straps and other Rants


http://www.amazon.com/dp/ B07N1T33T4

Reclaiming Chai ,getting over Straps and other Rants is a collection of twenty six feminist write ups ranging  from topics like Rape,Dowry ,Female Foeticide,Honour Killing,Domestic Violence to  the rampant Patriarchy which plagues the life of the Indian women on a daily basis. Also topics like beauty ,feminism ,periods,human trafficking  have been included. Some write ups are on the on going issues of Indian women fighting for the permanent commission in the Army , the wins of female sport persons,Nirbhaya etc and the new era of empowerment of the Indian women who are breaking stereotypes.

The write ups have been written with the sole purpose of providing an insight in the struggles of being an Indian woman and the new age Indian Feminist.

This book is pretty experimental in nature as it has been a journey from a blog to a book ,so I hope my readers will enjoy it as much as I have enjoyed writing it.The write ups date from 2014 to 2018  and have been previously published on the blog –Indian women revolution movement.word press.com .

Please buy the book and support us.All the proceeds will go to AGNIDIKSHA Foundation which works for women empowerment in Bihar,India.



Continuing the series of blogs by IWRM on Indian women who have smashed stereotypes and have entered male bastions, here is the twelfth piece on Indian Women Boxers.

The ascent of Indian women to the topmost echelons of world spo­­rts as potent threats to the old elite—stealing a medal here, causing an upset there, the occasional world record—is pow­­­ered as much by boxing as any other sport .

Mary Kom

Chungneijang Mary Kom Hmangte (born 1 March 1983), better known as Mary Kom is an Indian Olympic boxer from Manipur. She is the only woman to become World Amateur Boxing champion for a record six times, and the only woman boxer to have won a medal in each one of the seven world championships. Nicknamed Magnificent Mary, she is the only Indian woman boxer to have qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics, competing in the flyweight (51 kg) category and winning the bronze medal. She has also been ranked as No. 1 AIBA World Women’s Ranking Light Flyweight category. She became the first Indian woman boxer to get a Gold Medal in the Asian Games in 2014 in Incheon, South Korea and is the first Indian Woman Boxer to win Gold at the 2018 Commonwealth Games. On 26 April 2016, Kom was nominated by the President of India as a member of the Rajya Sabha, the upper house of the Indian Parliament. In March 2017, the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India, appointed Mary Kom along with Akhil Kumar as national observers for boxing. Mary Kom won the Gold Medal In Asian Boxing Championship. She defeated Kim Hyang-mi of North Korea in the title match. After her sixth world title, the Government of Manipur has conferred on her the title “Meethoi Leima” in a felicitation ceremony held at Khuman Lampak Sports Complex in Imphal on 11th December, 2018. At the function, CM N. Biren Singh also declared that the stretch of road leading to the Games Village in Imphal West district, where Kom currently resides, would be named as ‘MC Mary Kom Road’.

Kom was born in Kangathei village, Moirang Lamkhai in Churachandpur district of rural Manipur in Northeastern India. She came from a poor family. Her parents, Mangte Tonpa Kom and Mangte Akham Kom were tenant farmers who worked in jhum fields. They named her Chungneijang. Kom grew up in humble surroundings, helping her parents with farm related chores, going to school and learning athletics initially and later boxing simultaneously. Kom’s father was a keen wrestler in his younger days. She was the eldest of three children – she has a younger sister and brother. Kom studied at the Loktak Christian Model High School at Moirang up to her sixth standard and thereafter attended St. Xavier Catholic School, Moirang, up to class VIII. During this time, she took a good amount of interest in athletics, especially javelin and 400 metres running. It was at this juncture, Dingko Singh, a fellow Manipuri returned from the 1998 Bangkok Asian games with a gold medal. Kom recollects that this had inspired many youngsters in Manipur to try boxing, and she too thought of giving it a try After standard VIII, Kom moved to Adimjati High School, Imphal, for her schooling for class IX and X, but was unable to pass the matriculation exam. Not wishing to reappear for them, she quit her school and gave her examination from NIOS, Imphal and graduation from Churachandpur College. In school, Kom participated in all types of sports including volleyball, football and athletics. It was the success of Dingko Singh that inspired her to switch from athletics to boxing in 2000. She started her training under her first coach K. Kosana Meitei in Imphal. When she was 15, she took the decision to leave her hometown to study at the Sports academy in the state capital Imphal Thereafter she trained under the Manipur State Boxing Coach M. Narjit Singh, at Khuman Lampak, Imphal. Kom kept her interest in boxing a secret from her father, himself an ex-wrestler, as he was concerned that boxing would hurt Kom’s face and spoil her chances of marriage. However, he learnt of it when Kom’s photo appeared in a newspaper after she won the state boxing championship in 2000. After three years, her father began to support Kom’s pursuits in boxing as he grew convinced of her love of boxing. After her marriage, Mary Kom took a short hiatus from boxing. After she and Ongler had their first two children, Kom again started training. She won a silver medal at the 2008 Asian Women’s Boxing Championship in Indiaand a fourth successive gold medal at the AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championship in China, followed by a gold medal at the 2009 Asian Indoor Games in Vietnam. In 2010, Kom won the gold medal at the Asian Women’s Boxing Championship in Kazakhstan, and at the AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championship in Barbados, her fifth consecutive gold at the championship. She competed in Barbados in the 48 kg weight category, after AIBA had stopped using the 46 kg class. In the 2010 Asian Games, she competed in the 51 kg class and won a bronze medal. In 2011, she won gold in the 48 kg class at the Asian Women’s Cup in China. On 3 October 2010, she, along with Sanjay and Harshit Jain, had the honour of bearing the Queen’s Baton in its opening ceremony run in the stadium for the 2010 Commonwealth Games of Delhi. She did not compete, however, as women’s boxing was not included in the Commonwealth Games. On 1 October 2014, she won her first Gold Medal at the Asian Games held at Incheon, South Korea by beating Kazakhstan’s Zhaina Shekerbekova in the flyweight (51 kg) summit clash. On 8 November 2017, she clinched an unprecedented fifth gold medal (48 kg) at the ASBC Asian Confederation women’s boxing championships held at Ho Chi Minh in Vietnam. The only major international event, that she had not seen a medal before was in Commonwealth Games, as her category Light flyweight was never included in the games till 2018 Commonwealth Games where as expected she earned the gold medal gracefully in the Women’s light flyweight 48 kg on 14 April 2018. On 24 November 2018, she created history by becoming the first woman to win 6 World Championships, achieving this feat at the 10th AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championships held in New Delhi, India.  Kom, who had previously fought in the 46 and 48 kg categories, shifted to the 51 kg category after the world body decided to allow women’s boxing in only three weight categories eliminating the lower weight classes. At the 2012 AIBA Women’s World Boxing Championship, Kom was competing not just for the championship itself but also for a place at the 2012 Summer Olympics in London, the first time women’s boxing had featured as an Olympic sport. She was defeated in the 51 kg semi-finals by Nicola Adams of the UK, but did succeed in getting a bronze medal. She was the only Indian woman to qualify for boxing event, with Laishram Sarita Devi narrowly missing a place in the 60 kg class. Kom was accompanied to London by her mother. Kom’s coach Charles Atkinson could not join her at the Olympic Village as he didn’t possess an International Boxing Association (AIBA) 3 Star Certification, which is mandatory for accreditation. She had all her luggage and passport stolen on the way to the selection camp in Bangkok, Thailand for her first Asian Women’s Boxing Championships. The first Olympic round was held on 5 August 2012, with Kom defeating Karolina Michalczuk of Poland 19-14 in the third women’s boxing match ever to be fought at the Olympics. In the quarter-final, the following day, she defeated Maroua Rahali of Tunisia with a score of 15-6She faced Nicola Adams of UK in the semi-final on 8 August 2012 and lost the bout 6 points to 11. However, she stood third in the competition and garnered an Olympic bronze medal. In recognition, the Manipur Government awarded her Rs 50 lakhs and two acres of land in a cabinet meeting held on 9 August 2012. Though keen on representing India at the 2016 Rio Olympics, Kom was not able to qualify for the event. She continues to pursue the sport and train for the same, and is preparing for the 2020 Tokyo Olympics.



International Titles[54]
Year Place Weight Competition Location
2001 48 AIBA Women’s World Championships Scranton, Pennsylvania, USA
2002 45 AIBA Women’s World Championships Antalya, Turkey
2002 45 Witch Cup Pécs, Hungary
2003 46 Asian Women’s Championships Hisar, India
2004 41 Women’s World Cup Tønsberg, Norway
2005 46 Asian Women’s Championships Kaohsiung, Taiwan
2005 46 AIBA Women’s World Championships Podolsk, Russia
2006 46 AIBA Women’s World Championships New Delhi, India
2006 46 Venus Women’s Box Cup Vejle, Denmark
2008 46 AIBA Women’s World Championships Ningbo, China
2008 46 Asian Women’s Championships Guwahati, India
2009 46 Asian Indoor Games Hanoi, Vietnam
2010 48 AIBA Women’s World Championships Bridgetown, Barbados
2010 46 Asian Women’s Championships Astana, Kazakhstan
2010 51 Asian Games Guangzhou, China
2011 48 Asian Women’s Cup Haikou, China
2012 41 Asian Women’s Championships Ulan Bator, Mongolia
2012 51 Summer Olympics London, United Kingdom
2014 51 Asian Games Incheon, South Korea
2017 48 Asian Women’s Championships Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
2018 45-48 Commonwealth Games Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia
2018 45-48 AIBA Women’s World Championships New Delhi, India

Awards and recognitions

Mary Kom set a new standard in amateur boxing without ever competing in professional boxing. In 2015, Kom became the first amateur to surpass several professional athletes in India in earnings, endorsements and awards. She is the first amateur athlete to win the Padma Bhushan.

For the bronze medal at the 2012 London Olympics

Simranjit Kaur Baatth

She is an expert at skills that are poles apart–drawing and boxing. Had she not excelled as a boxer, Simranjit would have probably made a name as an artist. She has been fond of coloured pencils since childhood, and now uses black pencils for most of her sketches, some of which are stored in her mobile phone; the rest are at her home in Chakar village in Ludhiana. But once Simranjit puts on her boxing gloves and steps into the ring, she is completely transformed. The delicately honed fingers that skilfully ply pencils are knotted in fists that bring mayhem. The opponents she sends spinning to the canvas or reeling on to the ropes would testify to that. The 5.54 ft-tall boxer’s dexterity was in view on her way to the semi-finals of the World Championships.Her tactic of ‘long distance’—in other words, she keeps her opp­onents at an arm’s length, before dealing a decisive knockout blow—is coupled with a ‘timing punch’. Her extended left hand is used to confuse the opponent, while the right hand lands a telling counterpunch to score points. “Her coordination, especially inside the ring, is very good, and so is her punching skill,” Boxing, too, came naturally to Simranjit—her eldest sister Amandeep was a boxer. Her two brothers have also been boxers. She initially trained at Sher-e-Punjab Sports Academy in Chakar after Balwant Singh Sandhu spotted her talent at school and took her under his wings. Simranjit was on her way.Simranjit’s dream is to compete at the 2020 Olympics. But since the 64kg category is not part of Olympic programme, she plans to change her category to 60kg. She follows legendary American boxer Roy Jones and particularly likes his flow and movement in the ring.

Sonia Chahal

The Adarsh Senior Secondary School in village Bound Kalan in Haryana’s Dadri district has made a significant contribution to Indian boxing. It counts world-class pugilists among its alumni, and Sonia Chahal is the latest torch-bearer. The cherubic, lanky boxer, with a boy crop hairstyle, is adept at hiding her intensity in the ring. Just look at her match against 2014 world champion, Bulgarian Petrova Stanimira, whom she pummelled into submission at the pre-quarters before entering the semi-finals.As a youngster, Sonia witnessed felicitations for boxers from Adarsh School—Kavita Chahal, bronze medallist at World Championships in 2010 and 2012, Neetu Chahal, multiple  national champion, and Poonam Chahal, a World Junior Championship bronze medallist and five-time national champion. Boxing was the only thing she wanted to do.“I loved sports. My physical education teacher told me that boxing was my best bet. Those captivating welcome functions were a motivation. One day, I simply went and knocked at Kavita didi’s house. I didn’t know her. Her parents took me to the Bhiwani Boxing Club,. “My father is a farmer and mother a housewife. I’m the first sportsperson from my family. Neetu didi supported and helped me a lot,” Apart from her upset win over Stanimira, Sonia reckons her biggest win was the one over Pwilao Basumatary, the 2011 World Youth Championships bronze winner, last year. She also won the bronze medal at Ahmet Comert Women’s Tournament in Istanbul this year.The World Championships is the first major competition for Sonia, but the 5.57 ft-tall, wiry boxer has left an impression with her resilience. A BA final student of Mahila Mahavidyalaya, Sonia is on her way to fulfil her potential.

Manisha Moun

For a long time, Manisha’s father, a tractor mechanic, was oblivious to the fcat that his daughter was a budding sportsperson. Manisha had taken into confidence her indulgent mother. “Father would leave the house early, carrying his lunch with him. He would return only in the evening. In bet­ween, I would play volleyball, which I left for boxing in 2010,” Much later, she says with a smile, someone told him about her early exploits in the boxing ring. “When he came to know about it, he beat me up more than once. But I kept at it.” That, anyway, couldn’t have been hidden for long, as she had to walk down the five kilometres to RKSD Post Graduate College in Kaithal, Haryana, and back every day.“My initiation into sports began when my neighbours, who were volleyball players, asked my mother to let me play. But since there was no volleyball coach at college, I switched to boxing. I was the lone female boxer there,”. Playing sports also meant giving up on favourite childhood act­ivities—playing marbles on the streets and fighting with boys. With her father away on work, her mother was the rock in her life. “Even today, father might not know which class I am in,” says the BA final year student with a hearty chuckle.Within three years of taking to boxing in 2010, Manisha started making a big impression. Her title triumphs include 2013 Har­y­ana Junior Championships (46kg), 2015 Har­y­­ana Youth Championships (51kg), and 2017 Indian National Championships (57kg). She then switched to 54kg but lost in this year’s National Championships final. Manisha made up for that loss with her win at the Indian Open International Tournament (54kg), and finished second at Silesian Women’s Open Tournament in Gliwice, Poland.Manisha uses the ‘long distance strategy’ to good effect, focussing on timing her punches to perfection. She has a strong hook, particularly the one delivered with her right hand. She is now working to improve her strength. Her nimble footwork in the ring is partly due to her love for dance—she is a fan of Sapna Chaudhary, Haryana’s famous dancer. Manisha has trained her sight at the 2020 Olympics and plans to switch back to 57kg soon.

Lovlina Borgohain

She is entranced by the legendary Muhammad Ali’s footwork, particularly that famous shuffle—so much so that she tries to copy the late triple world heavyweight boxer’s movements in the ring. For all her current expertise in boxing, in school Lovlina practised muay thai—or kick-boxing—that is also fought inside a ring. But when she was 14, a Sports Authority of India boxing coach visited Barpathar Girls’ School in Golaghat, Assam, and identified her as a potential champion. With her parents supporting her, Lovlina switched to boxing. “I was in Class IX when the SAI coach picked me. But I continued to practise kick-boxing, and started boxing in 2012. Earlier, I was in the 75kg class, but later switched to 69kg,”. Like other self-respecting boxers, she dreams about qualifying for the 2020 Olympic Games.Lovlina took a big stride when she beat Panama’s Atheyna Bylon, who has won four American titles this year, with a unanimous verdict at the pre-quarters of the World Championships in New Delhi. The boxer from Golaghat is supremely fit, with good motor ability, which encompasses endurance, strength, coordination, tactics, and technique. Standing at 5.8 ft, she has a distinct height adv­a­ntage too. “My idol is Muh­am­mad Ali. I like his footwork a lot and, of cou­rse, his shuffle. I try to copy his footwork and a little bit of his shuffle,”.This year has proved to be a fec­und one. Lovlina won the 69kg gold at the Indian Open Tou­r­n­ament, finished second in two events, and third in another one. But she picks her semi-final win over against Mongo­l­ian Erden­et­uya Enkh­baatar in Ulan Bator as the most memor­able. “That was one of the most sati­­sfying wins of my car­eer,”. Now, she has one goal. “More than me, my father wants me to box at the Olympics,”.

Yvonne Caples

She was(born June 14, 1972) is a women’s boxing champion. She was born in Pune, India, country where she has helped raise the sport’s popularity. Caples lives in Las Vegas, where she trains under the tutelage of former men’s world Heavyweight title challenger Leroy Caldwell. Caples became a professional boxer in 1999. Before fighting for the world championship, she had to meet the likes of Kim Messer, Elena Reid and former world champion Para Draine before meeting Regina Halmich in Germany for the WIBF world Jr. Flyweight title, on August 17, 2002. She lost the fight by a majority decision. Three months later, on November 22, she found herself inside a boxing ring in Guam, where she fought Anissa Zamarron for the vacant WIBA Light Flyweight Intercontinental championship, and Caples was defeated by 5th round technical knockout, stopped on a cut in a fight in Caples was winning on all scorecards. Caples finally reached her dream of becoming a world champion when she defeated Mary Duron on July 26, 2003 in Costa Mesa, California by a ten round unanimous decision for the vacant IFBA world Jr. Flyweight title. Caples then travelled to Trinidad to challenge Ria Ramnarine for the vacant WIBA Mini Flyweight World Title. Caples lost a controversial 10-round split decision. Caples, who was a multi-sports star in India before becoming interested in boxing in 1993, holds a record of 7 wins, 12 losses, and 2 draws (tie), with 1 win by knockout.

Pinki Jangra

She was (Born 28 April 1990) is a flyweight Indian boxer from Hisar, Haryana. She won bronze medal in the 2014 Commonwealth Games. She won gold medal at the President’s Cup International Boxing in Palembang, South Sumatra, Indonesia, in 2015. She won gold medals at the 2011 National Games of India and the 2012 and 2014 National championships in the flyweight (51kgs) division. She was the only Indian pugilist who bagged the gold medal at the Arafura Games. She signed up with Sporty Boxing Private Limited, which is referred to as the commercial arm of the Indian Boxing Council (IBC), the licensing body for professional boxers in India. Pinki is known as Giant Killer due to her achievements in domestic competitions. She has defeated London Olympic Games Bronze Medalist & 6 Times World Champion Mary Kom in National Boxing Championship 2009 and CWG 2014 qualification trial, as well as 5 Times Asian Champion & World Champion Laishram Sarita Devi in National Games and National Boxing Championship 2011. Pinki represented India in Boxing at the 2018 Commonwealth Games in 51kgs weight category. However, she lost to England’s Lisa Whiteside in her quarterfinal bout

 She’s the daughter of a homemaker Prem Devi and a Government official Krishan Kumar. She studied till 12th grade and reminisces her hobbies as dancing, playing and boxing. She was initially coached by Raj Singh and later switched to Anoop Kumar

International Achievements

Year Medal Weight Competition Location
2018 Gold 51 India Open Boxing Tournament New Delhi
2015 Gold 51 22nd President’s Cup Open International Tournament[ Palembang, Indonesia
2014 Quarter-Finalist 51 8th Women’s AIBA World Boxing Championships South Korea
2014 Bronze 51 XX Commonwealth Games Glasgow, Scotland
2014 Silver 51 3rd Nations Cup Serbia
2012 Silver 48 6th Asian Women Boxing Championship Mongolia
2011 Gold(Best Boxer) 51 Arafura Games Darwin, Australia
2010 Gold(Best Boxer) 48 India-Sri Lanka Duel Boxing Championship Sri Lanka

Sarjubala Devi

Sarjubala Devi (born 1 March 1993) is an Indian woman boxer from Manipur and represented India at the 2016 Rio Olympics. After being awarded as the Best Boxer at Youth World Women Boxing Championship organised at Turkey, the Olympic Gold Quest (OGQ) announced support for Sarjubala Devi in 2012. She is referred to as the next Mary Kom. She used to be part of the 48 kg category but recently changed it to 51 kg category. After the change she claimed a Gold Medal at the National Women’s Boxing Championship 2018 (Fly category). She also won the Best Boxer award at the 7th Youth Women National Championship in Patiala and in the 14th Senior Women Boxing Competition. Sarjubala Devi was born in a farmer’s family to Sh Rajen Singh and Thoibi Devi. Being inspired by the stories of Mary Kom‘s success, she joined boxing school in 2005. Two years later, she joined the Sports Authority of India training centre in her city, Imphal India. Before winning Silver at the Junior Nationals she won the Sub-Junior Women National Championships both in years 2006 and 2008[7]. She won the World Youth Championship in 2011 and later went on to win the Senior National Championship the same year. She has also participated in the 11th Senior Women National Boxing Championship in 2011. She unfortunately did not make it past the quarterfinals stage at the 2016 Rio Olympics. She also represented India at the Asian Games 2018 but was knocked out during the quarterfinals against China’s Chang Yuan.

Nikhat Zareen

Nikhat Zareen (born 14 June 1996) is an Indian boxer from Nizamabad, Telangana. In 2018, she won Gold medal at the 56th Belgrade International Boxing Tournament in Serbia.

Nikhat was born in Nizamabad, Telangana, India. She completed her primary education from the Nirmala Hrudaya Girls High School in Nizamabad. She is pursuing a degree in Bachelor of Arts (B.A.) at AV College in Hyderabad, Telangana. Her father, Mohammad Jameel Ahmed, introduced her to boxing, after being questioned as to why women weren’t participating in the Urban Games in 2002. This motivated her to take up the gloves. Her father, who captained his district team in cricket and participated actively in athletics and football. Her father encouraged her to pursue athletics and she trained under her father for a year. Nikhat was inducted into the Sports Authority of India in Vishakhapatnam to train under Dronacharya awardee, IV Rao in 2009. A year later she was being declared as the ‘golden best boxer’ at the Erode Nationals in 2010.

Kavita Goyat

Kavita Goyat (born 15 August 1988) is a female boxer from India. She competes in 69–75 kg weight category. Kavita won the bronze medal at the 2010 Asian Games held in Guangzhou, China. She lost 1:3 to Jinzi Li of China in the semi finals of the Asian Games in 2010

Kavita Goyat’s present coach is Anoop Kumar. She was earlier being coached by Raj Singh. During her 6th Nations Cup in the Serbian city in 2017, Kavita Goyat got injured during the semi-finals, due to which she had to settle for the third place. Kavita has previously won gold medal at Hanoi Asian Indoor Games, 2009 in 64 kg category along with Mary Kom. Along with this she has won several national titles. Kavita Goyat has won numerous gold, silver, and bronze medals at various championships. She was born in Haryana, to Om Prakash and Smitra Devi. Her hobbies include playing games and studying.

Kavita Chahal

Kavita Chahal (born 8 April 1985) is a 5′ 9″ tall heavyweight Indian female boxer and recipient of the highest world ranking 2 from 2012 to 2014 (AIBA Ranking – 11 in 2016[) from the village Nimri which resides in the Bhiwani district, Haryana.  In recognition of her achievements, the Government of India presented Chahal with the Arjuna Award in 2013. Chahal is the first female boxer from Haryana to be presented with the Arjuna Award. Chahal is a twice-consecutive World Championship medallist, 2 Time Gold medalist in World Police Games 2017 Los Angeles And 2013 in Northern Ireland . 4-Time Asian championship, Asian cup medallist. With 8 gold medals, she is a record holder in women’s national championship boxing. She is a 5-time gold medallist in the Federation Cup, and 6-times Gold medalist in all india police games 2012 to 2017. Chahal 3-time gold medallist in the Inter-zonal Super Cup championship.

Kavita was born to Sh. Bhup Singh and Ramesh Devi on 8 April 1985 at Nimri in the Bhiwani district of Haryana (India). Her initial training at boxing was handled by her father Bhup Singh, also a boxer. Once she had progressed, she then went on to train at the Bhiwani Boxing Club under the coach Jagdish Singh, who also handles the training of the Indian Ace Male Pugilist. After winning medals and accolades for her state, and India, she went on to also become the first female boxer of Haryana state to be presented with the Arjun Award in 2013.

International achievements

SN Tournament Year Venue Result
1 World Women Boxing Championship 16-24 November 2014 Jeju City, Korea 5th
2 3rd Nations Cup 12 January 2014 Serbia Bronze
3 World Police Games 1-10 Aug 2013 Ireland Gold
4 7th World Women‟s Boxing Championship 9-20 May 2012 China Bronze
5 6th Asian Women‟s Boxing Championship 16-26 March 2012 Mangolia Bronze
6 1st Asian Cup Women’s Boxing Tournament 7-8 May 2011 Haikou China Bronze
7 6th World Women Boxing Championship 7-19 September 2010 Barbados, West indies Bronze
8 5th Asian Women Boxing Championship 23-31 May 2010 Astana, Kazakisthan Bronze
9 International Prime Ministry Boxing Tournament 7 to 11 April 2010 Turkey Bronze
10 International Prime Ministry Boxing Tournament 2009 Turkey QF

Jamuna Boro

Jamuna Boro (born 7 May 1997) is an Indian woman boxer from the village of Belsiri, Sonitpur district, Assam.

Jamuna Boro was born in Goreswar, Assam. She has an elder brother, a sister and mother who sells vegetables. Her father died when she was ten years old. She attended Arya Vidyapeeth College in Guwahati where she completed her Twelfth grade and Bachelor of Arts from Lokanayak Omeo Kumar Das College, Dhekiajuli. Before boxing she used to play wushu in her village. In 2009 she was brought to Sports Authority of India, Guwahati for selection trials. She has represented the state Assam and country India on various national and international levels since 2010. She is included in the Elite Womens team. silver medal in the 56th Belgrade Womens Boxing Tournament.

Laishram Sarita Devi

Glasgow: India’s Laishram Devi with silver medal after medal ceremony of Women’s Light(57-60kg) during the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow, Scotland on Saturday. PTI Photo by Manvender Vashist(PTI8_2_2014_000133A)

Laishram Sarita Devi (born 1 March 1982) is an Indian boxer from Manipur. She is a national champion and a former world champion in the lightweight class. In 2009, she was awarded Arjuna award by the government of India for her achievements.

Sarita Devi was born in Thoubal Khunou Thoubal into an agricultural family as the sixth of eight siblings. She used to spend her time helping her parents in collecting firewood and in the fields, which helped her build the stamina she has today. Sarita completed her high school in Waithou Mapal High School till the eighth standard and then went to Bal Baidya Mandir, Thoubal to complete her matriculation. She then went to an open-school to complete her twelfth standard to cope with the busy boxing schedule. Devi turned professional in boxing in 2000, inspired by the achievements of Muhammad Ali. The following year, she represented India at the Asian Boxing Championships in Bangkok, and won a silver medal in her weight class. Following this victory, she won medals in various tournaments, including a gold at the 2006 World Championships in New Delhi. In 2005, she was offered the post of Sub-Inspector (SI) by the police department of Manipur, for wining a bronze medal in the 3rd World Women Boxing Championship, Russia and was promoted to the rank of DSP in February, 2010. She also won the silver medal at the 2014 Commonwealth Games in Glasgow. She failed to qualify for 2016 Rio Olympics, after losing to Victoria Torres, with a score of 0-3. In 2018, she won Silver Medal at Indian Open International Championships, New Delhi and bagged a Gold Medal at Sr. National Boxing Championships, Rohtak. She also won in Women’s World Boxing Championship with a split 4-0 verdict against Sandra Diana. Devi entered the 2014 Asian Games in Incheon, South Korea, competing in the lightweight category. With a win margin of 3–0 both in the Round of 16 and Quarterfinals, she entered the semifinals to face South Korea‘s Park Ji-Na on 30 September. After the match, she was handed a 0–3 defeat verdict by the judges of the match, which turned out to be hugely controversial, considering that Devi had knocked Park out in the third round and also a convincing fourth round, before having rained heavy blows on Park throughout the first two rounds. Following this, the Indian team lodged a protest against the decision, which was rejected by the AIBA‘s technical committee. At the medal awarding ceremony, Devi refused to accept her bronze medal and handed it over to the silver medallist, Park. However, she accepted the medal later. This was followed by provisional suspension of her coaches by the AIBA. She was handed a one-year ban by the AIBA.





Continuing the series of blogs by IWRM on Indian women who have smashed stereotypes and have entered male bastions, here is the Eleventh piece on Indian Women Astronauts.



Kalpana Chawla  was an American astronaut and the first woman of Indian origin to go to space. She first flew on Space Shuttle Columbia in 1997 as a mission specialist and primary robotic arm operator. In 2003,she was one of the seven crew members who died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster when the craft disintegrated during its re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere. she was posthumously awarded the Congressional Space Medal of Honor and several streets, universities and institutions have been named in her honor.She was born on 17 March 1962 in Karnal, India, but her official date of birth was altered to 1 July 1961 to allow her to become eligible for the matriculation exam. As a child, Kalpana liked to draw pictures of airplanes. After getting a Bachelor of Engineering degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Punjab Engineering College, she moved to the United States in 1982 and obtained a Master of Science degree in Aerospace Engineering from the University of Texas at Arlington in 1984Chawla went on to earn a second Masters in 1986 and a PhD in aerospace engineering in 1988 from the University of Colorado Boulder. In 1988, she began working at NASA, where she did computational fluid dynamics (CFD) research on vertical and/or short take-off and landing (V/STOL) concepts. In 1993, she joined Overset Methods, Inc. as Vice President and Research Scientist specializing in simulation of moving multiple body problemsChawla held a Certificated Flight Instructor rating for airplanes, gliders and Commercial Pilot licenses for single and multi-engine airplanes, seaplanes and gliders. After becoming a naturalized U.S. citizen in April 1991, she applied for the NASA Astronaut Corps. She joined the corps in March 1995 and was selected for her first flight in 1996. Her first space mission began on May 2, 1997, as part of the six-astronaut crew that flew the Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87. She was the first Indian woman to fly in space. She spoke the following words while traveling in the weightlessness of space, On her first mission, she traveled over 10.4 million miles (16737177.6 km) in 252 orbits of the earth, logging more than 372 hours (15 Days and 12 Hours) in space. During STS-87, she was responsible for deploying the Spartan satellite which malfunctioned, necessitating a spacewalk by Winston Scott and Takao Doi to capture the satellite. A five-month NASA investigation fully exonerated her by identifying errors in software interfaces and the defined procedures of flight crew and ground control. After the completion of STS-87 post-flight activities, shewas assigned to technical positions in the astronaut office to work on the space station. In 2000, she was selected for her second flight as part of the crew of STS-107. This mission was repeatedly delayed due to scheduling conflicts and technical problems such as the July 2002 discovery of cracks in the shuttle engine flow liners. On January 16, 2003, she  finally returned to space aboard Space Shuttle Columbia on the ill-fated STS-107 mission. The crew performed nearly 80 experiments studying earth and space science, advanced technology development, and astronaut health and safety. During the launch of STS-107, Columbia‘s 28th mission, a piece of foam insulation broke off from the Space Shuttle external tank and struck the left wing of the orbiter. Previous shuttle launches had seen minor damage from foam shedding,  but some engineers suspected that the damage to Columbia was more serious. NASA managers limited the investigation, reasoning that the crew could not have fixed the problem if it had been confirmed. When Columbia re-entered the atmosphere of Earth, the damage allowed hot atmospheric gases to penetrate and destroy the internal wing structure, which caused the spacecraft to become unstable and break apart. After the disaster, Space Shuttle flight operations were suspended for more than two years, similar to the aftermath of the Challenger disaster. Construction of the International Space Station (ISS) was put on hold; the station relied entirely on the Russian Roscosmos State Corporation for resupply for 29 months until Shuttle flights resumed with STS-114 and 41 months for crew rotation. She died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster which occurred on February 1, 2003, she was killed, along with the other six crew members, when the Columbia disintegrated over Texas during re-entry into the Earth’s atmosphere, shortly before it was scheduled to conclude its 28th mission, STS-107. With her two missions in space, Chawla had logged a total of “30 days, 14 hours, and 54 minutes in space”. Her remains were identified along with the rest of the crew members and were cremated and scattered at National Park in Utah in accordance with her wishes.


Honors and recognition

  Asteroid 51826 Kalpana chawla, one of seven named after the Columbia‘s crew.

  On February 5, 2003, the Prime Minister of India announced that the meteorological series of satellites, MetSat, was to be renamed “Kalpana”. The first satellite of the series, “MetSat-1”, launched by India on September 12, 2002 was renamed “Kalpana-1“.

  74th Street in Jackson Heights, Queens, New York City has been renamed “Kalpana Chawla Way” in her honor.

  The Kalpana Chawla Award was instituted by the Government of Karnataka in 2004 to recognize young women scientists.

  NASA has dedicated a supercomputer to Chawla.

  One of Florida Institute of Technology‘s student apartment complexes, Columbia Village Suites, has halls named after each of the astronauts, including Chawla.

  The NASA Mars Exploration Rover mission has named seven peaks in a chain of hills, named the Columbia Hills, after each of the seven astronauts lost in the Columbia shuttle disaster. One of them is Chawla Hill, named after Chawla.

  Steve Morse from the band Deep Purple created the song “Contact Lost” in memory of the Columbia tragedy along with her interest in the band. The song can be found on the album Bananas.

  Novelist Peter David named a shuttlecraft, the Chawla, after the astronaut in his 2007 Star Trek novel, Star Trek: The Next Generation: Before Dishonor.

  The Kalpana Chawla ISU Scholarship fund was founded by alumni of the International Space University (ISU) in 2010 to support Indian student participation in international space education programs.

  The Kalpana Chawla Memorial Scholarship program was instituted by the Indian Students Association (ISA) at the University of Texas at El Paso (UTEP) in 2005 for meritorious graduate students.

  The Kalpana Chawla Outstanding Recent Alumni Award at the University of Colorado, given since 1983, was renamed after Chawla.

  The University of Texas at Arlington, where Chawla obtained a Master of Science degree in aerospace engineering in 1984, opened a dormitory named Kalpana Chawla Hall in 2004.

  Kalpana Chawla Hall, University of Texas Arlington

In addition, the university dedicated the Kalpana Chawla Memorial on May 3, 2010, in Nedderman Hall, one of the primary buildings in the College of Engineering.

  The girls’ hostel at Punjab Engineering College is named after Chawla. In addition, an award of INR twenty-five thousand, a medal, and a certificate is instituted for the best student in the Aeronautical Engineering department.

  The Government of Haryana established the Kalpana Chawla Planetarium in Jyotisar, Kurukshetra.

  The Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, named the Kalpana Chawla Space Technology Cell in her honor.

  Delhi Technological University named a girls’ hostel block after Chawla

  A military housing development at Naval Air Station Patuxent River, Maryland, has been named Columbia Colony, and includes a street named Chawla Way.

  Hostel blocks in Maulana Azad National Institute of Technology, SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Sagar Institute of Research & Technology, VIT University, Samrat Ashok Technological Institute and Pondicherry University have been named after Chawla.[35][36][37]

  Kalpana Chawla Government Medical College (KCGMC) is a Medical College formed for women located in Karnal, Haryana, India named after Chawla.

  Kalpana Chawla Chowk is a name given/dedicated to a crossroad in Borivli, Mumbai in memory of the astronaut.

  The Kalpana One Space Settlement is named in her honor.




Sunita Pandya Lyn Williams (born September 19, 1965) is an American astronaut and United States Navy officer of IndoSlovenian descent. She formerly held the records for total spacewalks by a woman (seven) and most spacewalk time for a woman (50 hours, 40 minutes). Williams was assigned to the International Space Station as a member of Expedition 14 and Expedition 15. In 2012, she served as a flight engineer on Expedition 32 and then commander of Expedition 33.She was born in Euclid, Ohio, to Indian American neuroanatomist Deepak Pandya and Slovene American Ursuline Bonnie (Zalokar) Pandya, who reside in Falmouth, Massachusetts. She is the youngest of three children. Her brother Jay Thomas is four years older and her sister Dina Annadj is three years older. Williams’ paternal family is from Jhulasan, Mehsana district in Gujarat, India, while her maternal great-grandmother Mary Bohinc (originally Marija Bohinjec), born in Leše, Slovenia, immigrated to America as an eleven-year-old with her mother, 1891 Slovene emigrant Ursula (Strajhar) Bohinac.She graduated from Needham High School in Needham, Massachusetts, in 1983. She received a Bachelor of Science degree in physical science from the United States Naval Academy in 1987, and a Master of Science degree in Engineering Management from Florida Institute of Technology in 1995. She was commissioned an ensign in the United States Navy in May 1987. After a six-month temporary assignment at the Naval Coastal System Command, she was designated a Basic Diving Officer. She next reported to the Naval Air Training Command, where she was designated a Naval Aviator in July 1989. She received initial H-46 Sea Knight training in Helicopter Combat Support Squadron 3 (HC-3), and was then assigned to Helicopter Combat Support Squadron 8 (HC-8) in Norfolk, Virginia, with which she made overseas deployments to the Mediterranean, Red Sea and the Persian Gulf for Operation Desert Shield and Operation Provide Comfort. In September 1992, she was the Officer-in-Charge of an H-46 detachment sent to Miami, Florida, for Hurricane Andrew relief operations aboard USS Sylvania. In January 1993,she began training at the U.S. Naval Test Pilot School. She graduated in December, and was assigned to the Rotary Wing Aircraft Test Directorate as an H-46 Project Officer and V-22 chase pilot in the T-2. Later, she was assigned as the squadron Safety Officer and flew test flights in the SH-60B/F, UH-1, AH-1W, SH-2, VH-3, H-46, CH-53, and the H-57. In December 1995, she went back to the Naval Test Pilot School as an instructor in the Rotary Wing Department and as the school’s Safety Officer. There she flew the UH-60, OH-6, and the OH-58. She was then assigned to USS Saipan as the Aircraft Handler and the Assistant Air Boss.She was deployed on Saipan in June 1998 when she was selected by NASA for the astronaut program. She has logged more than 3,000 flight hours in more than 30 aircraft types.She was launched to the International Space Station (ISS) with STS-116, aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery, on December 9, 2006, to join the Expedition 14 crew. In April 2007, the Russian members of the crew rotated, changing to Expedition . She became the first person to run a marathon from the space station on April 16, 2007After launching aboard the Shuttle Discovery, she arranged to donate her pony tail to Locks of Love. Fellow astronaut Joan Higginbotham cut her hair aboard the International Space Station and the ponytail was brought back to Earth by the STS-116 crew. She performed her first extra-vehicular activity on the eighth day of the STS-116 mission. On January 31, February 4, and February 9, 2007, she completed three spacewalks from the ISS with Michael López-Alegría. During one of these walks, a camera became untethered, probably because the attaching device failed, and floated off to space before Williams could react. On the third spacewalk, she was outside the station for 6 hours and 40 minutes to complete three spacewalks in nine days. She has logged 29 hours and 17 minutes in four spacewalks, eclipsing the record held by Kathryn C. Thornton for most spacewalk time by a woman. On December 18, 2007, during the fourth spacewalk of Expedition 16, Peggy Whitson surpassed Williams, with a cumulative EVA time of 32 hours, 36 minutes. In early March 2007, she received a tube of wasabi in a Progress spacecraft resupply mission in response to her request for more spicy food. When she opened the tube, which was packaged at one atmospheric pressure, the gel-like paste was forced out in the lower pressure of the ISS. In the free-fall environment, the spicy geyser was difficult to contain. On April 26, 2007, NASA decided to bring her back to Earth on the STS-117 mission aboard Atlantis. She did not break the U.S. single spaceflight record that was recently broken by former crew member Commander Michael López-Alegría, but did break the record for longest single spaceflight by a woman. She served as a mission specialist and returned to Earth on June 22, 2007, at the end of the STS-117 mission. Poor weather at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral forced mission managers to skip three landing attempts there over previous 24 hours. They then diverted Atlantis to Edwards Air Force Base in California, where the shuttle touched down at 3:49 p.m. EDT, returning her home after a record 192-day stay in space.On April 16, 2007, she ran the first marathon by any person in space. Williams was listed as an entrant for the 2007 Boston Marathon, and completed the distance in four hours and 24 minutes. The other crew members cheered her on and gave her oranges during the race. Williams’ sister, Dina Pandya, and fellow astronaut Karen L. Nyberg ran the marathon on Earth, and Williams received updates on their progress from Mission Control. In 2008, she participated in the Boston Marathon again, this time on Earth. Williams launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on July 15, 2012, as part of Expedition 32/33. Her Russian spacecraft Soyuz TMA-05M docked with the ISS for a four-month stay at the orbiting outpost on July 17, 2012. The docking of the Soyuz occurred at 4:51 GMT as the ISS flew over Kazakhstan at an altitude of 252 miles. The hatchway between the Soyuz spacecraft and the ISS was opened at 7:23 GMT and she floated into the ISS to begin her duties as a member of the Expedition 32 crew. She was accompanied on the Soyuz TMA-05M spacecraft by Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) astronaut Aki Hoshide and Russian cosmonaut Yuri Malenchenko. She served as commander of the ISS during her stay onboard ISS Expedition 33, succeeding Gennady Padalka. She became the commander of the International Space Station on September 17, 2012, being only the second woman to achieve the feat. Also in September 2012, she became the first person to do a triathlon in space, which coincided with the Nautica Malibu Triathlon held in Southern California.  She used the International Space Station‘s own treadmill and stationary bike, and for the swimming portion of the race, she used the Advanced Resistive Exercise Device (ARED) to do weightlifting and resistance exercises that approximate swimming in microgravity. After ‘swimming’ half a mile (0.8 km), ‘biking’ 18 miles (29 km), and ‘running’ 4 miles (6.4 km), shefinished with a time of one hour, 48 minutes and 33 seconds, as she reported. She returned to earth with fellow astronauts Flight Engineers Yuri Malenchenko and Aki Hoshide on November 19, 2012, touching down in the town of Arkalyk, Kazakhstan. Helicopters joined the search-and-recovery crew to assist them, as their capsule parachuted down some 35 kilometres (22 mi) from the planned touchdown site due to a procedural delay. As of August 2012, she has made seven spacewalks totaling 50 hours and 40 minutes, putting Williams in No. 9 on the list of most experienced spacewalkers. On August 30, 2012, she and JAXA astronaut Hoshide ventured outside the ISS to conduct US EVA-18. They removed and replaced the failing Main Bus Switching Unit-1 (MBSU-1), and installed a thermal cover onto Pressurized Mating Adapter-2 (PMA-2). In July 2015, NASA announced she as one of the first astronauts for U.S. Commercial spaceflights. Subsequently, she has started working with Boeing and SpaceX to train in their commercial crew vehicles, along with other chosen astronauts. In August 2018 she was assigned to the first mission flight, CTS-1, to the International Space Station of the Boeing CST-100 Starliner.


Honors and awards




A general physician, 32-year-old Shawna Pandya is one of two candidates shortlisted from 3,200 people enrolled in the Citizen Science Astronaut (CSA) program. She may fly with eight other astronauts in space missions slated to take off by 2018.She, who was born in Alberta in Canada and has roots in Mumbai, is a woman of many talents. Apart from being an astronaut currently preparing for two space missions, she is a general physician (who works at Alberta University hospital), an author, an international taekwondo champion and has trained in Muay Thai with a Navy SEAL.Fluent in French, Spanish and Russian, this multitasker has even been a Silicon Valley entrepreneur, sung in an opera, walked the runway as a model and given a TEDx talk about resilience!Deeply passionate about both space and medical science, Shawna decided to study neuroscience because the first Canadian woman in space, Roberta Bondar, was a neuro-opthalmologist. This branch of medicine investigates the effects of spaceflight on the central nervous system of humans to establish countermeasures that will mitigate effects like space motion sickness.After completing her B.Sc in neuroscience at University of Alberta, Shawna did her M.Sc. in space sciences at International Space University. Thereafter, she got her MD in Medicine from University of Alberta.Interestingly, she had applied for medical school and the space program at the same time, aiming to build her career in space neuroscience, a field she finds exciting and immensely fascinating.She is working under a project called Polar Suborbital Science in the Upper Mesosphere (PoSSUM), which will study the effects of climate change. While training for this project  at the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University in US, she wore spacesuits, rode on aerobatic flights and experienced changing gravity environments as part of the the Scientist-Astronaut course.Other than conducting experiments in space-specific bio-medicine, she will also be working on Physiological, Health, and Environmental Observations in Microgravity (PHEnOM). This is a microgravity human research program that will conduct cross-disciplinary research into commercial human spaceflight.She is also a prime crew member of Project Poseidon, a 100-day underwater mission at the Aquarius Space Research Facility in Florida, the world’s only undersea laboratory dedicated to science and education.If successful, Project Poseidon will surpass the world record for the longest mission conducted from an undersea habitat. The vision behind this research initiative  is to facilitate a greater understanding of the link and synergy that exists between sea and space, and to use the mission as a catalyst to strengthen that connection.An adventure seeking go-getter who has been reaching for stars, figuratively as well as literally, she sees an opportunity in every challenge thrown at her.


All these Indian women astronauts prove that there is tremendous potential in India.  Indian girl students and women, have the zeal to venture out, but aren’t always aware of the ways in which they can. All they need is to get acquainted with everyday developments in science, be resilient and always try to achieve something bigger.